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ABSTRACT

This project is an accident information management system with i-report facilities.
Accident information is necessary as accident rate has increased tremendously and lives
and properties are destroyed every day in Nigeria by road accidents. In other to reduce its
reoccurrence, proper documentation of accident information is necessary. An accident
information system enables researchers, government and insurance companies who are
interested in accident data to collect data from the database for decision making. The
proposed system is a client server system that enables a person to sent an eye witness
report to the server (at Federal Road Safety Corp Headquarters) on an accident using a
mobile phone and facilitates quick response to accident scene by FRSC thus providing an
approximately accurate accident data capturing. Available Mobile Technologies and
Object Oriented Analysis and Design Methodology were used in evaluating the system to
help improve the current process. The system was designed and implemented using PHP
and HTML as front-end and Database Management System (DBMS) as back-end. The
system improved performance by facilitating quick response time to accident scene and
providing real time data capturing.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page- – – – – – – – – – -i
Certification Page- – – – – – – – – -ii
Approval- – – – – – – – – – -iii
Dedication- – – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgement- – – – – – – – – v
Abstract- – – – – – – – – – iv
Table of Content- – – – – – – – – vii
List of Figures- – – – – – – – – ix
List of Tables- – – – – – – – – – x
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.0 Introduction- – – – – – – – – 1
1.1 Statement of the problem- – – – – – – 1
1.2 Aims and Objectives of the Study- – – – – – 2
1.3 Scope of study – – – – – – – – 2
1.4 Limitations of study- – – – – – – – 3
1.5 Significance of the study- – – – – – – 3
1.6 Definition of Term- – – – – – – – –
4
Chapter 2: Literature Review
2.0 Introduction- – – – – – – – – 5
2.1 Theoretical background- – – – – – – 6
2.2 Review of Related Literature– – – – – – 10
Chapter 3: System Analysis and Design
3.0 Introduction- – – – – – – – – 15
3.1 Analysis of the existing system- – – – – – 15
3.2 Analysis of the Proposed System- – – – – – 16
3.2.1 Requirement Specification- – – – – – – 16
3.2.2 System Modeling: Unified Modeling Language (UML) – – – 17
3.3 Design of Proposed System- – – – – – – 24
3.3.1 System Architecture- – – – – – – – 25
3.3.2 Database Design- – – – – – – – 26
3.3.3 Input Design- – – – – – – – – 30
3.3.4 Output Design– – – – – – – – 32
Chapter 4: System Implementation
4.0 Introduction- – – – – – – – – 34
4.1 Choice of Development Environment- – – – – 34
4.1.1 System Platform- – – – – – – – 34
4.1.2 Integrated Development Environment (IDE) – – – – 35
4.1.3 Choice of programming Language- – – – – – 35
4.2 Implementation Architecture– – – – – – 36
4.3 System Implementation- – – – – – – 36
4.3.1 Main Menu Implementation- – – – – – – 36
4.3.2 Sub- menus Implementation- – – – – – – 37
4.4 System Testing- – – – – – – – 41
4.4.1 Testing Levels- – – – – – – – 42
4.5 Documentation- – – – – – – – 43
4.5.1 User Manual- – – – – – – – – 43
4.5.2 Source Code listing – – – – – – – – 45
Chapter 5: Summary and Conclusion
5.0 Summary of Achievements- – – – – – – 45
5.1 Recommendation- – – – – – – – 45
5.2 Conclusion- – – – – – – – – 45
5.3 Suggested Areas for Further Work- – – – – – 46
References
Appendices

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction
1.0 Introduction
Although transportation has liberated man and makes him more mobile, his increasing
reliance on vehicular movement has conferred great facilities on him and his activities.
The greatest culprit of all the modes of transport is road of which traffic accident is the
most disturbing repercussion of its use. Road traffic accident is therefore an issue of great
international concern as it seems to be the single greatest source of death and injuries all
over the world.
Road traffic accidents occur when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian,
animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree or utility pole [1].
Worldwide, road traffic accidents lead to death and disability as well as financial cost to
both society and the individual involved.
Technical advances in the mobile device sector have resulted in just about everybody
having mobile devices like phones, tablets or even laptops nowadays. In the emotionally
stressful situation of a traffic accident, a mobile device with the relevant special
application can assist the user to make a report to the server at Federal Road Safety Corp
(FRSC) headquarters as most people carry their mobiles with them at all times. The
server immediately alerts the nearest FRSC office to the crash scene thus facilitating
quick response to accident scene and gathering of first-hand accident data capturing
which is saved back to the server. The system being developed provides an up to date
accident details which may be useful to the government, research groups, insurance
companies etc.
1.1 Statement of the problem
1. Under-reporting/late reporting of road accidents: Accident eye witnesses are
unable to report an accident immediately due to the fact that they do not have easy
access to the computers and internet which would enable them make a report.
Most times people do not carry their computers e.g. laptops with them and so they
find it difficult to report an accident immediately they occur.
2. Accident information are recorded on papers which are not stored properly or
organized well and may be misplaced or destroyed by fire after sometime.
3. There is no particular format for collecting accident information by the police.
The police collect less structured information (narrative descriptive statement that
make up a report and accident information gathered are scattered all over the
police station in the country.
4. There is no single manageable system for accident data collection thus accident
information are not readily available for the government, research groups,
insurance companies for decision making.
1.2 Aim and Objectives of the Study
The aim is to design and implement an accident information management system
with i-reporting facilities.
The specific objectives of the system are to:
· Provide a single manageable (centralized) database system for accident data
collection which can be used for decision making by the FRSC, government
and research groups.
· Facilitate real time accident report using mobile technologies, accident image
capturing and on-site documentation of accident.
· Facilitate quick response to accident scene by FRSC as the system enables the
administrator to alert the nearest unit command.
· Transfer the paper report to a mobile-base digital one that is readily available
to reporter and cannot be misplaced.
1.3 Scope of study
This study is concerned with an immediate report of accident and accurate
documentation of accident data by FRSC. It covers only road accidents involving
vehicles such as cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles and tricycles. Mobile
technologies such as smart phones, tablets etc can be used by an eye witness to
immediately report and document accidents. Analysis of the captured data
involves calculations like death rate expressed in frequency and percentage.
1.4 Limitations of study
The system covers only road accidents other forms of accidents like water air etc are not
considered because it may become too cumbersome to handle. Accidents that occurred in
rural areas where there is no GSM network may not be reported. Due to time and
financial constraints, analysis of the captured data or what the decision makers wants to
use the information he got from the database for was not looked into. It does not take into
consideration how accident victims can be taken to the hospital for immediate treatment
in a case of casualties.
1.5 Significance
The accident database can be used at three different levels. At the macro or national level
it can be used to help central government decide on safety policy (e.g. compulsory seat
belt wearing or motorcycle helmet wearing). At a regional level it can be researched to
help regional authorities make appropriate decisions (e.g. on local police campaigns on
drink-driving, child safety education). Where the computerized database was originally
envisaged to be of most benefit is at the local level where the database can be used by
local engineers to determine where the main problems are on the network, what is
responsible for the problems and, indeed, can be used in the black spot process. The
monitoring of trends in road traffic crashes is a unique tool to assess the effectiveness of
new prevention polices. It also allows for a useful account of the characteristics of traffic
insecurity, helping the prioritization of effective interventions (identification of hot spots,
vulnerable road users, regional variations, and so on).There are also several different
groups of people with road safety interests who require accident data. These include the
road safety officers and highway engineers, lawyers, research groups, politicians,
teachers, statisticians, insurance companies and members of the public. They all tend to
have slightly differing needs and reasons for wanting the data.
1.6 Definition of terms
For a deeper understanding of the topic being discussed, there is a need to define the
terminologies used. From the project title accident information management system, the
terminologies are as follows:
· Accident: An accident is an unplanned and unintentional event.
It is an event that can lead to an individual sustaining an injury or even death.
An accident can occur due to carelessness of one or both parties involved.
· Road accident: Road accidents are an unplanned event that occurs on the
road due to recklessness of a vehicle driver or mechanical fault on a vehicle. It
can be a collision between two or more vehicles or a stationary object which
may lead to injury, death or property damage.
· Road users: The road users include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists,, their
passengers, and passengers of on-road public transports mainly buses and
animals.
· Information: Information is a set of data captured that have been
transformed or processed to meet the need of the user for decision making.
· Information management system: Information Management System (IMS)
is a general term for software designed to facilitate the storage, organization
and retrieval of information.
· Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC): FRSC is the government agency with
statutory responsibilities for road safety administration in Nigeria which
include making the highways safe for motorists and other road users,
recommending works and infrastructures to eliminate or minimize accidents
on highways and educating motorists and members of the public on the
importance of discipline on the highways.
· Mobile devices: A mobile device is basically any handheld computer. It is
designed to be extremely portable, often fitting in the palm of your hand or in
your pocket. Most of these mobile devices enable user to do same things they
can do with a desktop or laptop computers. Examples are mobile phones
Ipads, Ipods and tablets

 

 

 

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