This study analyses the success and failure factors in Nigeria building industry. To achieve this 3 research questions were formulated. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprises of selected staff of some construction companies in Abuja. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 123 residents while 100 were returned and validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and percentage. The result of the findings reveals that The critical factors for successful project implementation in Nigeria include experienced project managers & professional project team leaders, methodic approach, proper planning, monitoring & control and use of a professional software. In regard to the findings, the study recommends that although the problems of Nigerian construction industry is numerous but surmountable. The solution lies in solving a problem at a time. The problems have to be prioritized and the most challenging problem solved before the next most challenging problems. At present, the most challenging problems in the industry are cultural. This needs re-orientation of the participants, reforming the construction process and reawakening the public on their roles in monitoring and evaluation of projects.
- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The building process appears as ordered, linear phenomenon that can be organized, planned and managed easily. The high rate of failures that occur in the building projects to be completed on budget and schedule clarifies that the nature of the building process is not as ordered and predictable as it may appear. The building process is a complex, nonlinear and dynamic phenomenon that may exists on the edge of chaos sometimes. Therefore, the building projects are rich in plan failure, delays and cost overruns more than in successes (Bertelsen, 2002). Some practitioners refer to a project to be successful if it satisfies the three leg of the triple constraint specification, cost and time. However this definition does not fully embrace the meaning and the factors of project success/failure. For instance, the Sydney opera house in Australia is one of the most recognizable images of the modern world. Though, it cost about sixteen times as much to build and it took four times as long to complete. Nowadays, the opera house has an enormous value and became the icon of Australia and it is considered an architecture accomplishment (Camilleri, 2011). From the project management perspective, success means the delivery of the project within the deadlines, budgets and its functionality fulfills the mission and the planned objectives and meets the required expectation of the stakeholders. While the project is assumed to be a failure when the completion time exceeds the due date, occurrence of budget overruns and the outcomes did not satisfy the company’s performance criteria or the stakeholder’s expectations. Sometimes in case of the acceptance of the outcomes by the stakeholders, higher cost and delays must be tolerable (Toader et al., 2010; Prabhakar, 2008). This clarify that the success and failure criteria changes from project to project depending on participants, scope, project size, technological implications and many other factors (Jari, 2013). Therefore, it is vital for project managers and researchers to gain better understanding about success and failure of building projects and to identify all the factors that may oppose the project success and leads to failure. Eventually, approve a certain criteria to be used to measure the success of different projects.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Acvording to Nwachukwu et al. (2010), the rate at which infrastructure building projects fail, or are abandoned , some even u dere building, is retrogressive in most developing economics. So one understands why it is a problem in Nigeria. Project failure is a big problem in Nigeria. Besides the very high numbers of abandoned projects defacing the landscape. Of recent a he GH rate of collapse of privately owned building projects has been recorded, with the attendant fatalities. Hence there is need for analysis of success and failure factors in Nigeria building industry.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH
This research aims to develop a framework to analyze the factors of success and failure in Nigeria building industry. Towards achieving this aim, these objectives have to be accomplished: • Firstly, building a comprehensive background of the research topic through covering: the nature of building industry, its stages and players, identifying the factors of project failure and their impacts. • Secondly, classifying the factors and impact identified from literature review. • Outlining the research conclusions and recommendations useful to building professionals towards delivering successful projects.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
(1) what are the critical factors for successful project implementation in Nigeria?
(2) Is client commitment more important for project success more than availability of the required technology?
(3) what are the reasons for project failure ?.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study can go a long way in throwing up indices which can be successfully applied to boost project delivery in Nigeria. This can help in informing policy development in the subject matter and can help project guidance to professionals involved in building projects by building industry in Nigeria, from design to implementation. It can also establish a clear need for professional project managers in Nigerian building industry because of paucity of literature on project management principles and practices in Nigeria, it is hoped that empirical studies such as this can help enrich the indigenous literature on the concept.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The research focus on the analysis of success and failure factors in Nigeria building industry. Specifically, this study focuses on building a comprehensive background of the research topic through covering: the nature of building industry, its stages and players, identifying the factors of project failure and their impacts. • Secondly, classifying the factors and impact identified from literature review. • Outlining the research conclusions and recommendations useful to building professionals towards delivering successful projects.
Staff of selected building companies in Abuja will serve as enrolled participants for the survey of this study.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
Wide research of and this nature cannot be carried out without some constrains, this constrains pose a lot of limitations to this work.
Time: Duration for the research work is relative1y short while stress emanated from other academic activities is also another constrain.
Material: Little materials are also available because the work is relatively new. Financial constrain poses another challenges as most of information are gathered through books rather than using various sources including internet.
Financial: Financial constrain poses another challenges as it is very difficult to travel to the research area and other necessary places.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Building: Building Industry or “Industry” means, without in any way limiting the ordinary meaning of the expression, the Industry in which employers and employees are associated for the purpose of erecting, completing, renovating, repairing, maintaining or altering buildings and structures and/or the making of articles for use in the erection, completion or alteration of buildings and structures, whether the work is performed, the material is prepared, or the necessary articles are made on the sites of the buildings or structures or elsewhere, and shall include all work executed or carried out by persons therein who are engaged in the following trades, activities or subdivisions thereof and all work incidental to the activities of an employer in connection with the erection of a building, including the demolition of buildings
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