Project File Details


Original Author (Copyright Owner): 

3,000.00

The Project File Details

  • Name: ANALYSIS OF THE COMMON ULTRASOUND FINDINGS IN PATIENTS WITH PELVIC PAIN
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: [59 KB]
  • Length: [53] Pages

 

ABSTRACT

This research is aimed at assessing the common ultrasound findings in patient with pelvic pain. A retrospective study was done in Enugu scan centre, Ket, life chart and St.Michael diagnostic centres in Enugu. 1044 patients were scanned for pelvic pain from September 2010 to September 2011. The sonographic report showed that 442(42.34%) had uterine pathologies, 332(31.80%) had ovarian pathologies, 108(10.34%) had colon pathologies, 95(9.10%) had bladder problems and 67(6.42%) had prostate pathologies. It was also found that the incidence of pelvic pain was greater in females than in males.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -i

Dedication  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -ii

Acknowledgement                   –        –        –        –        –        –        -iii

Abstract      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -iv

Table of content   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -v

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -1

1.1 Background of Study        –        –        –        –        –        –        -1

1.2 Statement of Problem        –        –        –        –        –        –        -2

1.3 Purpose of Study     –        –        –        –        –        –        -3

1.4 Significance of Study         –        –        –        –        –        –        -4

1.5 Scope of Study        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -4

1.6 Literature Review    –        –        –        –        –        –        -4

CHAPTER TWO: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

2.0 Introduction   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -13

2.1 Principal of Operation       –        –        –        –        –        -13

2.2 Type of Ultrasound used   –        –        –        –        –        -13

2.3 Indication to Pelvic Ultrasound  –        –        –        –        -16

2.4 Anatomy of the Pelvis       –        –        –        –        –        -17

2.5 Functions of Pelvis  –        –        –        –        –        –        -21

2.6 Pelvic Pain in women        –        –        –        –        –        –        -23

2.7 Pelvic Pain in Men   –        –        –        –        –        –        -24

CHAPTER THREE

  • Research Methods – –        –        –        –        –        -26

3.1 Research Design      –        –        –        –        –        –        -26

3.2 Population Study     –        –        –        –        –        –        -26

3.3 Source of data for the study        –        –        –        –        –        -26

3.4 Method of data Collection –        –        –        –        –        -26

3.5 Data Analysis –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -26

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Presentation and result   –        –        –        –        –        -27

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Discussion      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -36

5.1 Summary of Findings                 –        –        –        –        –        -38

5.2 Limitation of findings        –        –        –        –        –        -39

5.3 Recommendation     –        –        –        –        –        –        -39

5.4 Conclusion     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        -40

5.5 Area for further study       –        –        –        –        –        –        -40

Reference

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

.0       INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF SYUDY

Pelvic pain is defined as pain that occurs below the umbilicus (belly button) to the lower border of the symphysis pubis. [1] It is not a disease, rather, a symptom that can be caused by several different conditions. It can affect both women and men. The pain may indicate the existence of poorly-understood conditions that likely represent abnormal psychoneuromuscular function. When this pain persists for a period of 3 months or more, it is to be considered chronic while less than this duration is considered acute.  Acute pain is most commonly experienced by patients after surgery or other soft tissue traumas. It tends to be immediate, severe and short lived. [2]  Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) accounts for 10% of all visits to gynecologists. [3]

Pelvic pain can be a sign that there is a problem with one of the organs in the pelvic area, such as the uterus, prostate, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix or vagina etc. It could also be a symptom of infection, or a problem with the urinary tract, lower intestines, rectum, muscle or bone. [4]

Ultrasonography or ultrasound (US) is becoming increasingly used as the investigation of choice in many years for pelvic pain diagnosis. Ultrasound (US) is a medical imaging modality that uses high frequency sound waves and their echoes to obtain images of tissues, organs etc. [5] pelvic ultrasound is an important diagnostic tool for evaluation of many structures in the pelvis. Some of the indications for pelvic ultrasound includes: pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, and suspicion of an abnormality on a manual gynecologic examination. Other diagnostic imaging modalities may also be helpful in identifying the cause(s) of pelvic pain such as magnetic resonance image (MRI), computerized tomography (CT), and Radionuclide image. US modality is relatively inexpensive and portable, especially when compared with other modalities, such as MRI, CT etc. [6] As currently applied in the medical field, properly performed ultrasound poses no known risks to the patient.[7] US is generally described as a “safe test” because it does not use mutagenic ionizing radiation, which can pose hazards such as chromosome breakage and cancer development, it also causes little or no discomfort to the patient. [8]

1.2     STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

  • Following the increasing demand for ultrasound in the diagnosis of pelvic pain, the researcher observed that the common ultrasound findings in patients with pelvic pain in Enugu metropolis are yet to be ascertained and documented.
  • The ultrasound findings of patient with pelvic pain have not yet been correlated with gender
  • The main reasons for the referral for ultrasound pelvic scan have not been identified in this locality.

1.3     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

1.3.1  GENERAL PURPOSE

  • To analyze the common ultrasound findings in patients that present with pelvic pain

1.3.2  SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

  • To ascertain and document the commonest ultrasound findings in patient with pelvic pain.
  • To correlate the ultrasound findings of patient with pelvic pain with gender.
  • To determine the main reason for the referral for ultrasound pelvic scan

 

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

  • The outcome of this project will serve as a guide to sonographers while scanning for accurate and easy diagnosis
  • This research aims at providing a databank (safe store) for further evaluation of pelvic pain.
  • The result of this work will help to justify and strengthen the use of ultrasound in the diagnosis of patient with pelvic pain
  • The result will aid in definitive management of patient with pelvic pain.

1.5     SCOPE OF STUDY

The study was carried out at Enugu scan center, Ket, Life chart and St. Michael diagnostic ultrasound centers all in Enugu metropolis

GET THE FULL WORK

DISCLAIMER:
All project works, files and documents posted on this website, projects.ng are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and the works are crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). Projects.ng is a repository of research works just like academia.edu, researchgate.net, scribd.com, docsity.com, coursehero and many other platforms where users upload works. The paid subscription on projects.ng is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here, and you want it to be removed/credited, please call us on +2348159154070 or send us a mail together with the web address link to the work, to [email protected] We will reply to and honor every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 - 48 hours to process your request.