Project File Details


Original Author (Copyright Owner): 

3,000.00

Instant Download

Download your project material immediately after online payment.

100% Money Back Guarantee

File Type: MS Word (DOC) & PDF

File Size: 1,202 KB

Number of Pages:35

ABSTRACT

 

The aim of this project is to design and construct an automated irrigation and monitoring system for a greenhouse. In this project, we design a system that uses data’s related to a greenhouse environment and yield status to control the designed system for the greenhouse. A greenhouse requires regular monitoring. The current system of irrigation is done manually, which is time consuming, less effective and lead to poor yield. A greenhouse makes it easy to grow crops in an environment where climatic conditions are very adverse. Light, temperature, humidity, soil moisture sensors which will be interfaced with an Arduino microcontroller that will monitor the environment in the greenhouse. The system to be designed will be an automated system for irrigation and monitoring, it will also give the user the option to manually control the system from a web interface.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1
1 INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2
Background ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4 1.1
Problem Statement …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 1.2
Objective of the project ………………………………………………………………………………………. 6 1.3
CHAPTER TWO ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
2 Overview of the system ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
Technologies used ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 8 2.1
2.1.1 Raspberry Pi ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9
2.1.2 Arduino uno ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 11
2.1.3 4-Relay Module ………………………………………………………………………………………… 12
CHAPTER THREE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 14
3 SENSORS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
Soil Moisture Sensor ………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 3.1
Temperature and Humidity Sensor …………………………………………………………………….. 16 3.2
CHAPTER FOUR …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
4 Analysis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18
Result ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 4.1
CHAPTER 5 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21
5 CONCLUTION AND RECOMMENDATION …………………………………………………………. 22
Reference …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 23
Appendix ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24
The code used for the project ……………………………………………………………………………………… 24

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1 INTRODUCTION
Greenhouse is a structure whose wall and roof are made from a transparent glass. A greenhouse allows crops to grow in an environment that produce more yields and crop security. Agriculture is known to play an important role in Nigeria economy. Most of the land that is meant for agricultural uses in Nigeria are now been utilized for housing, oil drilling and commercial use. There are less farm lands for farming but the greenhouse technology can be used as another option for planting. The use of greenhouse technology has allowed planting of crops in an environment that increase crop yield no matter the adverse climatic conditions. Green house technology is a way of providing favorable environmental condition for crops. In a greenhouse crops are protected from disease, cold, pest and excessive radiation. Green house is the modern way of practicing cost effective farming e.g. organic product and vegetable generation. The growth of plants in a greenhouse greatly depends on the conformity of the ideal atmosphere development condition the objective is attain a high yield at a lower cost and less labour. Parameters such as soil moisture, temperature and humidity and light most be put into consideration, there is a need to control this parameter using certain criteria’s such as water creation (soil moisture) and warming (temperature and humidity). These variables need to be monitored and controlled for great yield. There is a constant change in temperature; these changes affect the moistness level in the greenhouse thereby, affecting the growth of the crops. Poor light intensity also leads to poor quality of the crops. Water also has an important role to play in the development of all living things. Therefore, it is important to conserve water for generations to come. Agricultural activities require the use of a lot of water. Most time substantial amounts of water are wasted on agricultural activities. This project solves the problem of wastage of water by creating an automated irrigation system, this system help
3
minimize water wastage and human labour but improving the plant yield. This scope of this project focuses on just designing an automated irrigation system for a greenhouse.
Programmed systems are now designed for greenhouse, with the constant changes in the technology world. Most environmental conditions can now be controlled with these programmed systems where the systems can now be updated consequently. The main principle of a system is to collect information, process information and information security. The system need to work based on the information provided by the user. In this project we need to collect information related to a greenhouse environment and control the greenhouse based on the information collected (MAMTA och S.S.BELSARE).
The main challenge faced by the modern way of agriculture focuses on how to improve plant growth and reduce cost. This challenge can be used to justify the development of automated irrigation system which will reduce labour, minimize the wastage of water and giver the farmer better opportunity to monitor the farm.
4
Background 1.1
Nigeria a country with a population of over one hundred and eighty million people and estimated to be the second country in the world with the largest population in the year 2020. Both the economic development and people depend on oil production for national income. The state of the current economic situation is poor because of the lack of oil production in the country. The country is at the peak of economic destruction; there is a need to for both the country and people to focus on agriculture (Olulope och Etumnu).
Agriculture is said to play an important role in the development of a developing country such as Nigeria. Nigeria has a lot land that is now been used for commercial uses not for agricultural activity. The country start encouraging and developing the agricultural system, the economy will improve. Other countries are now using IoT (Internet of Things) for development. Nigeria can also global by going smart using the IoT. Due, to the lack of farm land farmers can use green house to grow fresh and quality crops like tomatoes. A state like Adamawa where the weather condition is too harsh to grow crops like tomatoes farmers can use the green house to grow their crops or vegetables. According to reports on agricultural contribution to the economy it states that agriculture provides forty-five percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in the country (Farms). To improve agriculture and increase food production in the country the country needs to go greenhouse. Greenhouse yields good crop growth. The greenhouse allows light access and light is consumed by the crops in the greenhouse.
5
Problem Statement 1.2
Plant irrigation is quite difficult and time consuming for a lot people especially working class people. Irrigation for greenhouse requires a reasonable amount of time because the crops growing in a greenhouse are special crops that require specific temperature, humidity and soil moisture such as tomatoes, strawberries and pepper. The automated irrigation and monitoring system reduces the amount of time required to water the plants.
Irrigation of plant is very important in the greenhouse, the automated system solve the problem of irrigation There will be less human labour, wastage of water and poor growth of plants. This system is guaranteed to improve the growth of the plants and increase yield.
6
Objective of the project 1.3
The main objective of this project is to design an automated irrigation and monitoring system for a green house. In which water is used more efficiently and reduce the cost labour. The user of the system has access to control the system manually or automatically. He can also view the greenhouse using the raspberry pi camera.
For the system to be implemented the following is needed to be put into consideration;
 Maintenance of the system
 Power supply
 Expandability
 Installation cost
 Water supply
The user need to think of the cost of maintenance of the system, the system needs to be maintained, the system is a very simple system but the cost of installation might quiet high for some people considering the economic situation. There have to be regular water and power supply for the system to work. The system for now will be implemented in a small green house they should be possibility of implementing the system in a large scale that can be investigated.

GET THE FULL WORK

DISCLAIMER: All project works, files and documents posted on this website, projects.ng are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and the works are crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Most of the project works are provided by the schools' libraries to help in guiding students on their research. Use it as a guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). If you see your work posted here, and you want it to be removed/credited, please call us on +2348157165603 or send us a mail together with the web address link to the work, to hello@projects.ng. We will reply to and honor every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 or 48 hours to process your request.