The Project File Details
This project discusses about the Automation of academic libraries in Imo state, the challenges and gains. A case study of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri, Library. It discusses mainly on the challenges and gains of automation on various functions of academic libraries as well as its impacts on the library staff.
Twenty five (25) questionnaires were administered and all of them were returned which represent the 100% return.
The study shows that automation has great impacts on academic library and the library staff has received automation positively. There are also recommendations for problems identified during this study at the end of this project.
Title page i
Table of contents vi
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Brief History of case study 2
1.3 Statement of problems 4
1.4 Objectives of the study 5
1.5 Research questions 5
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study 6
1.7 Significance of the study 6
1.8 Definition of terms 6
2.1 The concept and meaning of automation 7
2.2 The positive impacts/gains of automation in academic libraries 8
2.3 The impacts of automation of libraries on the various functions of the academic libraries. 8
2.4 The Negative impacts/challenges of automated system in academic libraries. 9
3.0 Research methodology 14
3.1 The design adopted 14
3.2 Population 15
3.3 Sample 15
3.4 Instruments fro data collection 15
3.5 Questionnaire 15
3.6 Interview 15
4.0 Data Analysis 16-20
5.0 Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation 21
5.1 Finding 21
5.3 Conclusion 21
5.4 Recommendation 22
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Information technology (the convergence computer technology and telecommunication ahs pervaded over all human activities in the last decade). One cannot do anything without technology teaching aspect of our lives like making calls (telephone) banking Susanne and even library operations. It has changed and continues to change the world our parents knew. This has led to library Automation.
Library Automation is seen as the computerization of library records and functions. It uses computer software and hardware for task that otherwise require a lot of paper work and staff time. It also make possible of a wide, free automation is traced to the continuous interaction between technology purpose and applications. One of the reasons for library automation is the apparent or visible improvement in the access to information by users in the library.
Automation has many impacts on academic libraries. One of the impacts of automation in the library is the high and increasing efficiency of operation in the library. This helps to save staff time and it reduces work load. This increase efficiency has also helped to decrease delay, backlogs, errors, staff dissatisfaction etc.
The efficiency has affected all the operation of the library. The functions of the library which acquisition, organization, dissemination and maintenance are performed. Automation has led to the timely delivery of the above functions. It also makes them accurate, precise are relevant.
In the area of compilation of accession list, maintaining library statistics, charging and discharging of books, compiling over-due notices, keeping book on the reserved and maintaining library roster, automation has helped to avoid repetition. The benefit of networking and interconnectivity is also associated with library Automation.
There are many other areas in which automation helped or has advantage over manual system.
Automation has many positive impacts on academic libraries so also it has negative impacts (challenges) on the libraries. There are clear signs that automation of libraries also have with its some inherent problems. For example a novice searching of a book in the library that is automation many individual cannot afford to learn the skill to use them at the movement and without being a computer literate you cannot use the automated library effectively.
The Federal Polytechnic Nekded Owerri Library was established by Edict No16 1978. It was know as the College of Technology OWerri. The college started in a temporary site at the Government Technical College Owerri. The Chief Librarian of the college of technology was appointed in March 1978 and the school opened for its classes on 15th December 1978. the school was moved to its permanent site on November 1980.
In June 1988, the name of the school was changed from college of technology of polytechnic in line with the Federal Government order on renaming of the college of technology.
On 7th of April (1993, the school was finally taken over by the Federal Government and assumed its present named as Federal Polytechnic, Nekeke Owerri.
The collection of the library in 1980 was housed in one of the departments of the school of Engineering blocks and later was moved to the classroom complex in January has not been built until 1998 when the foundation store was laid by the NBTE Chairman, Dr. BDULLAH, the library building was completed in the year 2000 and commercial its services in 2001.
Presently, this library has a total number of twenty five (25) staff i.e. professionals, 14 Para-professionals, 2 Non-Professionals, 5 support staff and 2 security guards.
Its stock at present stands was about 28,35 books and 1,026 journals. Services undertaken by the library in the present time include readers, advisory answers to reference questions, reading books, teaching services in respect to research methodology (project documents including informal current awareness services).
The federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri library is facing a great accommodation problem; which necessitated the current project of electing a purpose built floor library.
This library has the following sections
The major aims of the library are
Currently, the library has a total book stock of 16,000 and staff strength of 27, i.e. 3 professionals 2, Para-professionals and 22 junior staff but today they are more than all these.
There are many problems faced with the use of manual in library operations. Manual work in the library operation especially the clerical aspect involves the use of hand, paper, biro and human brain in the performance of the library duties.
This has been found inadequate and cumbersome.
Manual system in most cases operates at a low level and decreasing efficiency in the face of ever increasing library work. This decreasing efficiency is a function of delays, backlogs, errors, staff dissatisfaction and perhaps a high rate of staff turnover.
The objectives of the study are as follows:
The research questions of the study are as follows:
The scope of this research covers the automation of academic libraries in Imo state, the challenges and gains with reference to federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri Library.
The significance of automation of academic libraries includes the following:
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