The Project File Details
Title page – – – – – – – – – i
Approval Page – – – – – – – – ii
Dedication – – – – – – – – – iii
Certification – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgement – – – – – – – v
Abstract – – – – – – – – – vi
List of tables and figures – – – – – – – vii
Table of content – – – – – – – – viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER TWO: THEORETIC BACKGROUND
2.1 Professional ethics
2.2 Ethical code of patient right
2.3 Ethical responsibilities of radiographers
2.4 Medicologal implication of radiographers and health professionals to the patient
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Target population
3.3 Sampling Size
3.4 Instrument for data collection
3.5 Procedure for data collection
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data presentation and analysis
4.2 Test of Hypothesis
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, SUMMARY OF FINDINGS RECOMMENDATION, CONCLUSION AND LIMITATION
5.1 Discussion of data
5.2 Summary of finding
5.5 Limitation of study
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
In the rapidly changing atmosphere of health care, many factors have affected how health care is practiced. The rights of the patient have also been affected. Patient rights have recently become the center of national attention in the practice of medicine. The push for legislation of a patients’ bill of rights is to provide laws that would prevent health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and other managed health plans from refusing to pay for appropriate care. A patient’s rights occur at many different levels, and in all specialties.
According to J. fletche28 the phrase ethics means merely a body of rules to govern the social behavior and graces of professional. He further stated that failure to comply with the ethical provisions of a profession culminates in malpractice which is punishable by the board or body.
The science of ethics, therefore aims to define the grounds and validity of the various system of principles and secondary rules governing conduct and duty. The radiographers are expected to explain the nature and procedures of the examination to the patient and also give him instruction on what to do before the examination commences. The patient has the right to object to certain examination based on the risk, religion, or belief before the examination is done. It is usually taken for granted that competent adult has the right to decide for themselves what will be done to their bodies.
According to the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists1, radiographers agree to abide by the Code of Ethics of The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists and have an obligation to apply those principles to ensure that the patients entrusted to them receive the best possible care. This is similar to what the radiographers in Nigeria agree to abide by. This is usually taken on the day of induction. Whenever an issue arises that may compromise that care, radiographer must know how to advocate for the patient. In order to do so effectively, they must be well-acquainted with the principles, rules, and policies governing their profession as well as understand that continuing education is vital to fulfill the duties and responsibilities appointed to them.
Although the radiographer understands the definition of the word “patient,” when the definitions of the noun and adjective forms of the word are combined, a more thoughtful description is achieved: a person under medical care (noun) demonstrating uncomplaining endurance under stress (adjective). Of course, radiographer frequently encounters the complaining patient as well, but it is important to remember those last 3 words-endurance under stress. The majority of patients are not members of the medical profession, they have little or no medical knowledge, and for them, simply coming to the radiology department or the hospital can be a stressful experience. Radiographer have the education and experience, hence patients trust radiographer to do what is best for them. When one considers that the word trust means to have confidence or faith in, the patient-radiographer relationship takes on a whole new perspective. It is an awesome responsibility we have for our patients, and we must do everything we can to see that the care provided to them is of the highest quality. If the value of that care is degraded, then we have an ethical obligation to “advocate” (writing or speaking in favor of or supporting) on behalf of that patient. Ethics means moral code, rules of conduct, principles, sense of duty, and conscience. When considering all of the above, one sees that radiographer are bound by rules of conduct to honor the faith and confidence placed in them and must serve as advocates in order to protect the patients entrusted to their care.
Similar work has been done on the awareness of ethical rights among radiology patients. This research project goes a step further by intending to demonstrate the awareness of Ethical code of patient rights among practicing radiographers, which will help them know the ethical code of patient rights in the radiology department.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY
This work will be limited to practicing radiographers in x-ray department in the following hospitals in Enugu metropolis.
1.6 LIMITATION OF STUDY
The research has small numbers of target populations
H0 – There is good ethical conduct among practicing radiographers
H1 – There is poor ethical conduct among practicing radiographers
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