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Download the complete computer science project topic and material (chapter 1-5) titled Computerized Crime Tracking Information System (Case Study Of Nigeria Police) here on PROJECTS.ng. See below for the abstract, table of contents, list of figures, list of tables, list of appendices, list of abbreviations and chapter one. Click the DOWNLOAD NOW button to get the complete project work instantly.

 

PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON Computerized Crime Tracking Information System (Case Study Of Nigeria Police)

The File Details

  • Name: Computerized Crime Tracking Information System
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: 606KB
  • Length: 81 Pages

 

ABSTRACT

This project work intends to automate the existing criminal records of  the Nigeria police using Enugu criminal investigating department. The  essence was to produce durable criminal records and avoidable lost of  criminal records. Structural database management system (DBMS) was used  in  its  development  in  other  to  eliminate  redundancy  in  the  compilation, its friendliness in responding to the user exhibits and also its  reliability  and  efficiency  in  tracking  down  criminals.  Another important feature of this system was that it provides user with the
facilities  for  having  the  hard  copies  or  print  out  of  any  relevant document as well as the facilities to communication with the system. Tracking is the observing of persons or objects on the move and supplying a timely ordered sequence of respective location data to a model e.g. capable to serve for depicting the motion on a display capability.  The  traditional  and  age-old  system  of  intelligence  and criminal record maintenance has failed to live up to the requirements of the existing crime scenario. Manual processes neither provide accurate, reliable and comprehensive data round the clock nor does it help in trend prediction and decision support.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENT

Cover page

Caritas logo
Title page

Certification page-  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        – -i

Dedication page-     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        – -ii

Acknowledgement-  –       –        –        –        –        –        –        – -iii

Abstract-       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –iv

Table of content-    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –v

List of tables –         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –x

List of figures –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –xi

List of appendixes-          –        –        –        –        –        –        –xii

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the project-  –        –        –        –        –        –1

1.2 statement of problem-          –        –        –        –        –        –                                         –3

1.3 purpose of the project- –      –        –        –        –        –        –4

1.4 Justification-     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –5

1.5 scope of the project    –        –        –        –        –        –        –5

1.6 limitation of the project-      –        –        –        –        –        –6

1.7 project report organization- –        –        –        –        –        –6

1.8 Definition of terms-    –        –        –        –        –        –        –7

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Brief history of Nigeria police-      –        –        –        –        –8

2.2 Review of natural law theory–      –        –        –        –        –11

2.3 Review of crime history-      –        –        –        –        –        –14

2.4 Tracking system-        –        –        –        –        –        –        –19

2.5 Reasons for the failure of some criminal tracking system-   –21

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

3.1 Methodology-   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –22

3.2 Data collection- –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –22

3.2.1 Methods of Data Collection –     –        –        –        –        –23

3.2.2 Input analysis- –      –        –        –        –        –        –        –23

3.2.3 Witness / Suspect Statement Input System-  –        –        –24

3.2.4 Case File Input System-    –        –        –        –        –        –24

3.2.5 Crime Diary Input System- –      –        –        –        –        –25

3.2.6 Output Analysis –   –        –        –        –        –        –        –25

3.2.7 Crime Register Output System- –        –        –        –        –26

3.2.8 Output System Form CR. 2-      –        –        –        –        –26

3.2.9 System Output Form CR.8- –     –        –        –        –        –27

3.2.10 System Output Form CR 14-   –        –        –        –        –27

3.2.11 Charge Sheet –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –27

3.2.12 Files and Records – –       –        –        –        –        –        –27

3.3 Analysis of the Existing System-  –       –       –       –       –28

3.4 Limitations of the Existing System- –        –           –           –           –31

3.4.1Justification for the new system- –           –           –           –           –32

3.5 System Design-  –          –           –           –           –           –           –           –33

3.5.1 Output Specification and Design-  –       –           –           –           –33

3.5.2 Input Design and Specification-  –           –           –           –           –34

3.6       Database Design-  –           –           –           –           –           –           –38

3.7       Program Design and Specification –   –           –           –           –43

3.7.1 Criminal Registration –       –           –           –           –           –           –45

3.7.2 Suspect Registration  –        –           –           –           –           –           –.45

3.7.3 Report –          –           –           –           –           –           –           —           –           -45

3.7.4 Change Password    –           –           –           –           –           –           –46

3.7. Complainant Registration – –           –           –           –           –           –46

3.8 System Flowcharts-     –           –           –           –           –           –           –

3.9 Top down design-        –           –           –           –           –           –           –48

CHAPTER FOUR

IMPLEMENTATION, TESTING AND INTEGRATION

4.1 Choice of Development Tools-      –        –        –        –        –50

4.2 System Requirement- –        –        –        –        –        –        –51

4.2.1 Software Requirements     –        –        –        –        –        —51

4.2.2 Hardware Requirements-  –        –        –        –        –        –51

4.2.3 People Ware (Personal Requirements) –  –     –        –        –52

4.3 system Implementation –    –        –        –        –        –        –52

4.4 Program Flowchart-   –        –        –        –        –        –        –53

4.5 Testing –  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –54

4.5.1Unit testing-    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –54

4.5.2 System testing –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –56

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of  findings- –       –        –        –        –        –        –57

5.2 limitations of the study/project –   –        –        –        –        –58

5.3       Recommendation- –        –        –        –        –        –        –58

5.4 BEME (Bill of engineering measurement and evaluatio) –   –59

5.5 Conclusion-      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –60

BIBLIOGRAPHY   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –61

GLOSSARY –         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –65

References-    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –61

Glossary-      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –65

Appendix A-  –       –        –        –        –        –        –        —       –66

Appendix B-  –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –76

Appendix C-  –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –78

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 3.1 Criminal file-  –       –        –        –        –        –        –39

TABLE 3.2 suspect file-   –        –        –        –        –        –        –40

TABLE 3.3 Complainant File – –       –        –        –        –        –41

TABLE 4.1-            –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –54

TABLE 5.1 BEME- –       –        –        –        –        –        –        – -59

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig.2.0 organizational structure of Nigeria police-  –        –        –

Fig 3.1 A sample of Witness/Suspect form-           –        –        –24

Fig 3.2 Information Flow- –       –        –        –        –        –        –30

Fig 3.3 login page-               –        –        –        –        –        –        –43

Fig 3.4 main menu-  –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –44

Fig 3.5 system flow chart- –       –        –        –        –        –        – -4

Fig 3.6 Top down design-             –           –           –           –           –           – -48

Fig 4.1 program flow chart-       –        –        –        –        –        – -53

LIST OF APPENDIXES

APPENDIX A-       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        – -66

APPENDIX B-       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        – -76

APPENDIX C-       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        – -78

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of The Study

Man by nature is social, gregarious and cannot live in isolation. To maintain peace and harmony in the society, man has to fashion out conduct and some laws  to  govern  the  conduct  of  members  of  the  society.  When  people appreciate  these  codes  of  conduct  and  laws,  protection  of  lives  and properties are guaranteed.

Generally tracking is the observing of persons or objects on the move and supplying a timely ordered sequence of respective location data to a model e.g. capable to serve for depicting the motion on a display capability.

The  traditional  and  age-old  system of  intelligence  and  criminal  record  maintenance has failed to live up to the requirements of the existing crime  scenario.  Manual  processes  neither  provide  accurate,  reliable  and comprehensive data round the clock nor does it help in trend prediction and  decision  support.  It  also  results  in  lower  productivity  and  ineffective  utilization of manpower. The solution to this ever-increasing problem lies in  the effective use of Information Technology. Crime Tracking Information  System uses computer-generated records as an interface for integrating and  accessing massive amounts of location-based information.

Crime  tracking  system  allows  police  personnel  to  plan  effectively  for  emergency  response,  determine  mitigation  priorities,  analyses  historical events, and predict future events. Crime tracking system helps identify
potential suspects to increase investigators suspect base when no leads are  evident.  The  ability  to  access  and  process  information  quickly  while  displaying it in a spatial and visual medium allows agencies to allocate  resources quickly and more effectively. In the ‗mission-critical‘ nature of  law  enforcement,  information  about  the  location  of  a  crime,  incident,  suspect, or victim is often crucial to determine the manner and size of the  response.  Crime  tracking  software  helps  co-ordinate  vast  amounts  of location-based data from multiple sources. It enables the user to layer the data and view the data most critical to the particular issue or mission.

It is used world over by police departments, both large and small, to provide solutions for crime analysis, criminal tracking, traffic safety, community policing, Intranet/Internet mapping, and numerous other tasks. Crime tracking system helps crime officers determine potential crime sites by examining complex seemingly unrelated criteria and displaying them all in an interface. It also helps them map inmate populations, fixtures, and equipment to provide for the safety of inmates by separating gang members, identifying  high-risk  or  potentially  violent  inmates,  and  identifying hazardous locations in an area. It reduces the potential for internal violence by providing better command and control. Traditionally, these activities have been supported by paper and pen. Police officers now have the ability to immediately generate crime report directly relevant to the situation at hand. Police agencies collect vast amounts of data from many sources including  called-for-services, arrests,  first  information  reports  and  daily report. The same information provides a powerful decision making tool for investigators, supervisors, and administrators.

1.2     Statement of Problem

The Nigerian Police, which is used as a case study, has an existing criminal Tracking System, but this system is not automated. The documentation of criminal records is done on paper and pen. The storage of these criminal records is not something to write home about.

Case files are dumped in heaps while some are kept on shelves. With the moldy nature of the state such important documents quickly get dusty and because of lack of proper storage, some criminal documents are seriously
damaged by rats that feed on them. With this kind of situation, it becomes highly difficult if not impossible to track down known criminal, access past criminal history of a suspect and know the status of some concluded cases

1.3      Purpose of the project

The project intends to computerize the existing Criminal Tracking System at the Nigerian Police. Specifically, the project will accomplish the following:
1) Design and develop a central database system that would serve as statewide repository of criminal data. The smaller database system at the sub-police station will be networked to the central database to access criminal data on cases not handled at the local station. This database system will be updated by local police station within the state as well as the police headquarters. (acting as a criminal data collection centers)

2) The central database system will be resident on a server at the police headquarter and will be linked to both the local police station  and  the  Central  Criminal  Registry  via  a  client-  server between  station  as  well  as  Criminal  Justice,  the  rendering  of Criminal Justice.

3) The database system will capture detailed information about crime suspect right from the time the crime was reported at the police down  to  the  point  the  suspect  appears  before  the  court  for prosecution as thereafter.

4)      The systems will posses features that will enable criminal data to

5)      be purged from the system, updated and queried.

1.4      Justification

Implementation of a crime information system by the Nigerian police will help the police and the masses to get useful information on individuals with crime records. The system developed will among other things:

  1. Maintain a database of all crime records
  2. Enable a quick search on the database to retrieve crime information
  3. Enable Nigerian police to track previous crimes committed by   a suspect
  4. Make crime control easier for the police

1.5     Scope of the project

Basically any Criminal Tracking System as an integral part of the Criminal

Justice Information System consists of three major sections, that is:

  1. The Criminal Identification Division
  2. The Magistrate Segment, and
  3. The prisons.

However, because of lack of time, funding and the scope of the system, the project was limited to the development and implementation of software – base criminal tracking information system that will automate the processes involved in tracking down criminals by the Nigerian Police.

1.6     Limitation of the Project

Due to time and financial constraint, I was unable to visit few of the police stations in Nigeria to gather information on the existing crime information system. Few police stations were visited and the information gathered from the officers in charge forms the basis for the design of the new system.

The project did not cover the Prison and the Magistrate Segment, which could also be automated.

1.7  Project Report Organization

The project is organized as follows;-

Chapter one introduces the project; the background of the project is also discussed.  The  objectives  of  the  project,  its  significance,  scope,  and constraints are pointed out.

A brief history of the Nigerian police and review of literature on Criminal Tracking System are subject matter of Chapter two.

Chapter three discusses system Analysis and design. It deals with detailed investigation and analysis of the existing system and problem identification.

Chapter four covers the system implementation, testing and integration

Chapter  five  was  the  summary  of  findings,  limitations  of  the  project, recommendations,  bill  of  engineering  measurement  and  evaluation conclusion, bibliography, appendix A and Appendix B of the project.

1.8     Definition of Terms

Crime:  A  normative  definition  views  crime  as  deviant  behavior  that violates  prevailing  norms –  cultural  standards  prescribing  how  humans ought to behave normally.

Criminalization: One can view criminalization as a procedure deployed by society  as  a  pre-emptive,  harm-reduction  device,  using  the  threat  of punishment as a deterrent to anyone proposing to engage in the behavior causing harm.

FIIB: Federal Investigation and Intelligence Bureau IGP: Inspector General of Police

DIG: Deputy Inspector General

FCID:  Force  Criminal  Investigation  Department  (FCID)  is  the  highest investigation arm of the Nigeria Police NPF.

 

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