This study is on correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Lokoja, Kogi state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies








  • Background of the study

Teaching and learning at the secondary school is fast changing; group work has become an important focus in this time of pedagogical change (Burke, 2011). Group work is one strategy for group instruction which is under the learner-centered approach. It is a pedagogical approach that promotes students to students’ interaction through working in small groups to maximize their learning and reach their shared goals (Adekola, 2014). Group learning is an instructional program in which students work in small groups to help one another master academic content. Learners in this classroom structure perceive that they are working together with other students to gain rewards. In this environment, a student’s success depends on the comparable success of other students (Chukwuyenum, Nwankwo and Toochi, 2014). An important goal of using group work is to encourage and enable other students to succeed. Effective cooperative learning has two major components: Positive interdependence and Individual responsibility. That is, the members of the group must depend on one another to the extent that each member has responsibilities, each wants the others to succeed, and no one feels that his own success or failure will hurt the others in the group (Johnson and Johnson, 2002). To enhance students’ achievement, group members must promote each other’s learning and success face-to-face; hold each other personally and individually accountable to do a fair share of the work, use the interpersonal and small group skills needed for collaborative efforts to be successful and process as a group how effectively members are working together (Adekola, 2014). In education today, there are interesting group learning strategies that will enable students to have active control over their own learning and will also enhance academic achievement (Onabanjo, 2000). According to Wichadee (2007) group learning can be structured in many different models; some of the general ones are Students’ Team Achievement Division (STAD), Teams-Games Tournament (TGT) and Jigsaw I and II. Teachers can use any of this approach to stimulate students to acquire the knowledge as well as create interpersonal and team skills. Traditionally, classes always consist of good students (high achievers) and weak students (low achievers). The weak students sit in isolation as they gradually lose confidence in their ability to learn. Working in groups, therefore, is believed to help solve this problem as group members can complement each other’s strengths and weaknesses. Students who do not like to speak in a large class are more comfortable speaking out in smaller groups (Adekola, 2014). While the term encompasses a broad array of practices, group learning, or small group work, remains an important element of active learning theory and practice (Burke, 2011).


It is evident that failure in secondary schools is as a result of the lack of interest on both the teachers and the students as the teachers resort to the use of the traditional methods which is not enhancing assimilation of subjects’ content while the student’s motivational level is drastically reduced leading to failure. This negative attitude could be reduced if students work together and learn from one another (Chukwuyenum, Nwachukwu and Toochi, 2014). Moreover, it has been observed that senior secondary school students in Nigerian generally and Lagos state in particular are recording poor academic performance from both internal and external examinations. This may not be unconnected with the way and manner they are being taught. In recent years however, evidence abounds showing that group learning strategy tends to give students better ways of understanding concepts and improve academic performance (Ibrahim, 2003). It is believed by many that when students work in group they tend to understand each other better than when a teacher teaches them.

Research works in Nigeria also indicated that very little research efforts had been directed at group learning. Besides, group work approach has been highly recommended for teaching at all levels, as stated by the Federal Government of Nigeria (2004) in the National Policy on Education. This, therefore, tends to suggest that most teachers are not sensitized on the advantages of the use of group work, it is believed that the manner in which most schooling occurs may not be teaching students to become aware of their own learning, to think critically and to derive their own pattern of thought and meaning from content presented through the teachers. It was in attempt to bridge this gap on the knowledge of the effects of group work on students’ academic performance in senior secondary school that this study is being carried out.


The objectives of the study are;

The study will be conducted with the following objectives: To;

  1. Examine the relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school.
  2. find out the effect of cooperative learning on student academic achievement.
  3. investigate the influence of teamwork on enhancing students confidence
  4. find out if collaborative learning is related to classroom success



For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0:     There is no significant relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school.

H1:   There is significant relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school.

H02:  Cooperative learning is not related to student academic achievement

H2:  Cooperative learning is related to student academic achievement


This study will give a clear insight of correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. This will be beneficial to students, ministry of education and the general public and the work will serve as reference to other researchers that will embark on this topic


The scope of the study covers correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
  3. c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


 CORRELATE: have a mutual relationship or connection, in which one thing affects or depends on another.

STUDENT PERFORMANCE: Academic achievement or performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals. Cumulative GPA and completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor’s degrees represent academic achievement.

GROUP WORK: Group work is a form of voluntary association of members benefiting from cooperative learning, that enhances the total output of the activity than when done individually


This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study





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