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Original Author (Copyright Owner):

KAREEM, ONIMISI YAHAYA

3,000.00

Download the complete Surveying project topic and material (chapter 1-5) titled CREATION OF CADASTRAL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF KOSOBO PHASE III, PART I OF OYO EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OYO STATE here on PROJECTS.ng. See below for the abstract, table of contents, list of figures, list of tables, list of appendices, list of abbreviations and chapter one. Click the DOWNLOAD NOW button to get the complete project work instantly.

 

PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON CREATION OF CADASTRAL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF KOSOBO PHASE III, PART I OF OYO EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OYO STATE

The Project File Details

  • Name: CREATION OF CADASTRAL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF KOSOBO PHASE III, PART I OF OYO EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OYO STATE
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: [177KB]
  • Length: [40] Pages

 

ABSTRACT

This project centers on the creation of cadastral information system for part of Kosobo phase iii, part 1, in Oyo east local government area of Oyo state. This study describes the design and implementation of a cadastral database with a spatial modeling approach .the objectives are to propose a design of a spatial database that fulfils the requirement for spatial queries for cadastral data. Implementing this design in the study area, and enforce the development of multipurpose-motivated cadastral data. In order to meet the study objectives, the required characteristic of a cadastral database were taken into consideration while performing the design. The phases followed during database design process include the conceptual design, the logical design, the data acquisition, physical design, analysis and the implementation of the database system. Attribute data was obtained through questionnaire and oral interview .the graphic drafting was done in AutoCAD land development while Arc view was used for data analysis, queries and presentation. Queries were performed and generated to demonstrate the capabilities of the software used and the database created.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER PAGE                                                                                                                                               i

TITLE                                                                                                                                                            ii

CERTIFICATE                                                                                                                                           iii

CERTIFICATION                                                                                                                                      iv

DEDICATION                                                                                                                                              v

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                                                                        vi

ABSTRACT                                                                                                                                                vii

TABLE OF CONTENT                                                                                                                    viii – ix

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                                                                                      x

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                                                                     xii

CHAPTER ONE                                                                                                                                             1

1.0    INTRODUCTION               1

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY   1

1.2    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM          2

1.3    AIM AND OBJECTIVES   2

1.3.1     AIM OF THE PROJECT……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2

1.3.2     OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT………………………………………………………………………………………… 2

1.4    SCOPE OF THE PROJECT               3

1.5    PERSONNEL       3

1.6    STUDY AREA     3

1.7    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY   4

CHAPTER TWO                                                                                                                                           5

2.0    LITERATURE REVIEW   5

CHAPTER THREE                                                                                                                                       9

3.0    METHODOLOGY               9

3.1    DATABASE DESIGN         9

3.1.1 VIEW OF REALITY           10

3.1.2 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN   11

3.1.2.1           VECTOR DATA MODELING          11

3.1.3 LOGICAL DESIGN            14

3.2    DATA SOURCE  16

3.2.1     PRIMARY SOURCE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 16

3.2.2     SECONDARY SOURCE……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16

3.3    DATA ACQUISITION       16

3.3.1     RECONNAISSANCE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 16

3.3.1.1       OFFICE RECONNAISSANCE………………………………………………………………………………………. 17

3.3.2.1       FIELD RECONNAISSANCE………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17

3.3.2     SURVEY EQUIPMENT USED AND SYSTEM SELECTION/SOFTWARE…………………………… 17

3.3.3 INSTRUMENT CHECK    18

3.3.4 CONTROL CHECK            19

3.3.5 GEOMETRIC DATA ACQUISITION             19

3.3.6 ATTRIBUTE DATA ACQUISITION              20

3.4    DATA PROCESSING         20

LINEAR ACCURACY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20

3.5    PHYSICAL DESIGN          21

3.6    DATABASE IMPLEMENTATION 22

3.7    DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DBMS)       22

3.7.1     DATA SECURITY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 22

3.7.2     DATA INTEGRITY………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 22

3.7.3     DATABASE MAINTENANCE…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 23

CHAPTER FOUR                                                                                                                                        24

4.0    SPATIAL ANALYSIS AND PRODUCT GENERATION             24

4.1    SPATIAL SEARCH            24

4.2    PRODUCT GENERATION               24

4.3    DISCUSSION OF RESULT               25

4.4      APPLICATION OF PRODUCTS     25

4.4    GRAPHIC PRESENTATION            26

CHAPTER FIVE                                                                                                                                          27

5.0    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION       27

5.1    SUMMARY          27

5.2    PROBLEM ENCOUNTERED           27

5.3    CONCLUSION    27

5.4    RECOMMENDATION      28

REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29

APPENDICES

   

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig 3.1   design and construction phases of spatial database…………….

Fig 3.2 entity relationship diagram of parcel based information system…

Fig 3.3 geometric representation of parcel……………………………….

Fig 3.4 node entity and it attributes………………………………………

Fig 3.5 arc entity and it attributes……………………………………….

Fig 3.6 owner and it attributes…………………………………………..

Fig 3.7 control check……………………………………………………

Fig 3.8 reconnaissance diagram………………………………………..

Fig 4.0 composite map of the study area………………………………

Fig 4.1 map showing parcels use for commercial………………………….

Fig 4.2 map showing parcels with C of O ……………………………….

Fig 4.3 Map showing parcel owned by civil servant and use for residential………………

Fig 4.4 map showing parcels value greater than 400,000…………….

  

 

LIST OF TABLES

 Table 3.1 node entity and it attributes…………………………

Table 3.2 arc entity and it attributes………………………….

Table 3.3 object entity and it attributes………………………

Table 3.4 parcel table………………………………………..

Table 3.5 instrument test…………………………………….

Table 3.6 control check (analysis)……………………………..

CHAPTER ONE

1.0       INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

For decades, traditional cadastral system have tended to enjoy a reputation for reliability, well defined processes and a well recognized guarantee of security to private land ownership. Tremendous technological progress, social changes, globalization and increasing intercommunication of business relation with their legal and environmental consequences however it has put a strain on the traditional systems. They cannot adapt to all new developments. An obvious indication of this is many reforms that cadastral systems are going through.

One of these reforms is the application of GIS in cadastral management which is the automation of the old cadastral system by employing modern information observational techniques to ensure fast and efficient services. In consequence cadastral information system in being used to improve services of the cadastral systems. While automation of cadastral system is widely seen as an appropriate tool to improve the performance of the system. Automation however of the traditional perfectible system without re-engineer the procedure aspects may result in performance failure example of this is changes in data processing and presentation.

Until recently, the method of producing cadastral information has been manual opto–mechanical using analogue equipment and generating analogue map database. The analogue procedures and product generation is associated with many problem. These include:

i           The equipment are cumbersome and bulky to be carried about.

ii          The methods of surveying are labourious and slow.

iii         When large area are to be mapped, it easily break down especially during raining season.

iv         It is expensive in terms of production and management

The output which is in analogue paper map as database also has the following limitations.

i           There is loss of information over time as the map could shrink

ii          Once data had been put into map, it is neither easy nor cheap to retrieve or combine them with other spatial data.

iii         the printed map is a static qualitative document.

Recent advances in cadastral information system has led to guarantee of title, legal security, fast services for users, complete coverage, comprehensive liable secure system in computerized and automated, Digital data system serves other purposes (i.e. as basis for LIS) integration of different system land registration and cadastral mapping.

 

1.2       STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The mapping of Kosobo layout has been existing on the analogue format. The obvious disadvantages of this form of record keeping the many production as well as updating of such records is expensive and time consuming. Also there is little or no flexibility in handling the information on such medium also associated with it is the duplication of data, weak definition of parcel system not efficient enough, and low degree of coverage, high rigid structure and low level of integration with other purposes. Hence there is need to design and create cadastral information system for Kosobo Phase III, Part I located at Oyo East Local Government area of Oyo State.

 

1.3       AIM AND OBJECTIVES

1.3.1    AIM OF THE PROJECT

The aim of this project is to use geographic information system to design, create and construct cadastral information system for Kosobo Phase III part 1, Oyo East Local Government Area.

 

1.3.2    OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

The above aim was achieved through the following under listed objectives.

  1. Capturing of spatial data (locational data) of the parcels in the study area.
  2. Acquisition the attribute data
  • Linking the graphical database with attribute database.
  1. Demonstrate of the usefulness of the database in information retrieval and updating.
  2. To demonstrate the usefulness of the database in performing spatial search, spatial analysis and queries operations.
  3. Information presentation in graphical and alphanumeric forms both in hardcopy and softcopy.

 

1.4       SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

The project entails the under listed operations to be carried out.

  1. Data capturing using digital land surveying equipment
  2. Database design and creation
  • Information display and presentation
  1. Literature review
  2. Database acquisition.

 

1.5       PERSONNEL

The students listed below were the members of this group who participated in the execution of the project.

  1. KAREEM, ONIMISI YAHAYA                  2006/2389       AUTHOR
  2. EDET, EKPO                                                                         MEMBER
  3. AJAYI, B. TAJUDEEN                                                         MEMBER
  4. ADEBIYI, A BIOLA                                                                        MEMBER

 

1.6       STUDY AREA

The study area for the project in situated in Kosobo area of Oyo East Local Government area of Oyo State. The geographic location of the study area lies between latitude 070º 49′ 50″N and latitude 07050’00″N and between longitude 03º 56′ 04″ and longitude 03º 56’27”.

 

1.7       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of carrying out this project can be enumerated as follows:

  1. Improved urban planning and infrastructure development.
  2. Certainty of ownership support for environment management.
  • Reduction in land dispute.
  1. Support for land property taxation
  2. Production of statistical data
  3. Centralized management.

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