The major aim of the study is to examine the impact of dependency on sub Saharan African development with reference to Nigeria perspective. It examined the major problem of dependency in sub Saharan African. It examine the major areas of under development in sub Saharan Africa. The study therefore adopts a qualitative descriptive approach.  It implore one of the traditional methods of gathering information, i.e. the secondary sources of data. A sizeable percentage of secondary sources that is used came from published and unpublished works which include materials extracted from: Archives, Newspapers, discussions, Conference papers, Magazines, Internets, Books, and Articles in journals e.t.c. and was analyzed to make the topic under discuss meaningful.

findings from the study revealed that   Dependency and underdevelopment of Africa Nigeria inclusive, is unveiled by successive phenomena such as slave trade, capitalism, colonialism, imperialism and neo-colonialism. It should be noted, however, that the countries that are depending on the rest are mostly poor countries of the third world, Nigeria is a typical poor third world country and underdeveloped that depends on the western world for decision and implementation of economic development of the west to her own detriment.The study concludes that African/Nigerian underdevelopment is caused by the incessant corruption imbedded in bad leadership that had bedeviled African states since independence. The study therefore recommends that  Nigeria need  good leadership and effective management of the abundant Nigerian economic resources, and more so corruption should be fought with all the resources in the power of this nation as she cannot deliver herself from dependency while corruption still persists.More so that all the agents of neo-colonialism such as foreign aids and grants, foreign oriented policies and programmes should be shunned off.






Sub Saharan Africa’s growth performance since gaining independence from colonial rule in the 1960s has been quite disappointing and utterly unacceptable. So used are we to this assessment that we forget that Africa was, at least in the first decade of independence, growing faster than other developing regions in the world. However, the late 1970s dramatically and unfortunately set back the continent and led to stagnation and regression through the 1980s and 1990s. Africa’s role in the global economy is largely responsible for this, expressed most visibly in insufficient resource mobilization and capital formation, and the continent’s lopsided trade relations.

Nigeria has been one of the greatest victims of under development as a result of dependency on the western world this is owing to the present economic recession in Nigeria.

The concept of dependency and underdevelopment are two words that goes side by side which draws our attention to the stagnation, deplorable and peripheral condition of the sub Saharan countries in Africa with special reference to Nigeria. The sub Saharan Africa region, among other regions of the continent, is seen as the poorest as the most impoverished region in the entire continent. In the international system, most international organizations regard the sub Saharan Africa region as Under developed and poor thereby seeing Sub Saharan Africa as an incapable or handicapped. The reason becomes why they give out most loans to these region of Africa, thereby making the sub Saharan Africa indebted to the European countries. It is also for the same reason most international organization are established, towards the development of Sub Saharan African region.


The poor development of African countries in general and the sub Saharan African countries in particular has been an issue overtime. This poor economic, social, political development in the sub Saharan African region of the continent may have been caused by over dependency of these countries on the western world. This negativity of over dependency has resulted to lack of progressive growth and development in the region.


The major aim of the study is to examine the impact of dependency on sub Saharan African development. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the major problem of dependency in sub Saharan African.
  2. To examine the major areas of under development in sub Saharan Africa.
  3. To assess the current level of under development in Nigeria.
  4. To examine the dependency level of Nigeria on the western world.
  5. To recommend ways of improving development in the sub Saharan African region.


  1. What is the impact of dependency on sub Saharan African under development?
  2. What are the major problems of dependency in sub Saharan Africa?
  3. What are the major areas of under development in sub Saharan Africa?
  4. What is the current level of under development in Nigeria?
  5. What is the dependency level of Nigeria on the western world?
  6. Recommend ways of improving development in the sub Saharan African region?


H0: Dependency has no impact on sub Saharan African development

H1: Dependency has an impact on sub Saharan African development


Findings from this study would be of immense importance to governments of sub Saharan countries as it would unveil the implications of dependency on the sub Saharan African development. The study would also benefit students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing a further study on the subject matter.


The study is restricted to the dependency and sub Saharan under development a case study of Nigeria.


Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


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