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File Type: MS Word (DOC) & PDF
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Number of Pages:79

ABSTRACT

This project was centered on database management system for student
registration system. The current process of registration is being
operated manually and due to this procedure numerous problem are
been encountered. A design was taken to computerized the manual
process in order to check this problem. The problems were identified
after series of interviews and examination of documents after which
analysis was made and a computerized procedure recommended. This
project will also suggest how to successfully implement the
computerized procedure and to overcome the obstacle that would
hinder the successful implementation of the system. The new system
was designed using PHP programming language. This language was
chosen because of its easy syntax and features for developing online
applications.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Background of the Study
1.3 Statement of the Problem
1.4 Objectives of the Study
1.5 Significance of the Study
1.6 Scope of the Study
1.7 Definition of Terms
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CHAPTER TWO
Literature Review
2.1 The Concept of Computer Systems
2.2 Relevance of Computer System in Data Processing
2.2.1. Computer Data Processing:
2.2.2 Data Analysis
2.2.3 Processing
2.3 Problems Associated With Data Processing
2.4 Formats of Result
2.5 The Features of Result Processing
2.6 Computer Systems and Result Processing
2.7 Types of Result Processing
2.8 The Basic Features of Result Processing
2.9 Factors Determining the Methods of Result Processing
2.10 Result Processing Stages
2.11 Modes of Result Processing
2.12 Result Transmission
2.13 Centralized Result Processing
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2.14 Decentralized Result Processing
2.15 Distributed Result Processing System
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology and Analysis of the Present System
3.1 The Research Methodology
3.2 Method of Data Collection
3.2.1 Interviewing
3.2.2 Observation
3.2.3 Evaluation and Inspection of Documents
3.3 Analysis of the Current System
3.4 Problems of the Existing System
CHAPTER FOUR
System Specification and Design
4.1 Design Standards
4.2 Input Specification and Design
4.3 Student’s Registration Form (Front)
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4.4 Student’s Registration Form (Back)
4.5 Student Course Registration Form (Front)
4.6 Carry-Over/Referred Student Course(S) Form
4.6.1 Items
4.7 Score Sheet
4.8 Output Specification and Design
4.9 Implementation of the System
4.10 System Flowchart
4.11 Procedure Chart
4.12 The Login
4.13 The Welcome Page
4.13.1 The Main Menu
4.13.2 The Registration Menu
4.13.3 Student Course Registration
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
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5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendations
Bibliography

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 INTRODUCTION
There were three fundamentally distinct education systems in Nigeria
in 1990: the indigenous system, Quranic schools, and formal
European-style education institutions. In the rural areas where the
majority lived, children learned the skills of farming and other work,
as well as the duties of adulthood, from participation in the
community. This process was often supplemented by age-based
schools in which groups of young boys were instructed in community
responsibilities by mature men. By the 1970s, education experts were
asking how the system could be integrated into the more formal
schooling of the young, but the question remained unresolved by
1990. Western-style education came to Nigeria with the missionaries
in the mid-nineteenth century. Although the first mission school was
founded in 1843 by Methodists, it was the Anglican Church
Missionary Society that pushed forward in the early 1850s to found a
chain of missions and schools, followed quickly in the late 1850s by
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the Roman Catholics. In 1887 in what is now southern Nigeria, an
education department was founded that began setting curricula
requirements and administered grants to the mission societies. By
1914, when north and south were united into one colony, there were
fifty-nine government and ninety-one mission primary schools in the
south; all eleven secondary schools, except for King’s College in
Lagos, were run by the missions.
The education system focused strongly on examinations. In 1916,
Frederick Lugard, first governor of the unified colony, set up a school
inspectorate. Discipline, buildings, and adequacy of teaching staff
were to be inspected, but the most points given to a school’s
performance went to the numbers and rankings of its examination
results. This stress on examinations was still used in 1990 to judge
educational results and to obtain qualifications for jobs in government
and the private sector.
As more information is made available in a variety of formats and
media and in a variety of locations, the need to manage
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information/data efficiently becomes more and more critical. Both
staff and public users want access to stored information and want to
access it more efficiently. It is the University Policy to improve both
the efficiency and effectiveness of student registration system, student
course registration and result processing operations and services
through the implementation of an integrated automated database
System.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Caritas University is made up of four (4) faculties namely:
1. Engineering with the following departments: Computer,
Mechanical, Chemical and Electrical and Electronics
Engineering.
2. Environmental with the following departments: Architecture,
Urban & Regional Planning and Estate Management.
3. Management and Social Sciences with the following
departments: Accountancy, Economics, Business
Administration, Public Administration, Political Science,
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Industrial Relation and Personnel Management, Mass
Communication, Marketing, Banking and Finance.
4. Natural Sciences with the following departments:
Biochemistry, Computer Science & Information Technology,
Industrial Chemistry, Mathematics & Statistics and
Microbiology & Biotechnology.
In Universities like Caritas, the need for automated method of keeping
data has been there. Software, so many of them has been developed
and even sold worldwide to solve this problem. I have analyzed this
software and discovered that very many of them are inefficient.
Students as well has researched and developed their own software but
they could not give or develop error free software that will assist in
result generation, automated student course registration to keep or
build a database of results in the University that will facilitate
students’ transcripts.
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This problem has been delaying or delayed the results of graduating or
graduated students that has made some of them not to go for youth
service when they ought to or ought to have gone and has even made
some not to have gone at all. To bridge this gap or solve this problem,
there is a need to develop software that is accurate, error free as the
problem has imposed so much stress on both exams and record and
the management in Universities.
Organizational Structure
Fig. 1.1 Organization Structure
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Database of information is vital in today’s education with respect to
student registration system, student course registration and
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Staff Students
Head of Department
examination result processing. This has become a very vital issue as
students spend so much time trying to know the number of credit units
for each semester. This problem has lead to time wasting, inaccuracy
of results and even open to fraud. Cases of missing results have been
recorded thereby making examination processing more difficult and
untimely.
1.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this study are to:
1. Provide a reliable solution to result processing that is corruption
free.
2. Ensure that normal credit load in line with the school is
maintained.
3. Provide a software that will generate result that is accurate,
timely and error free.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
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The project work will help in a good number of ways to ease the delay
in manual examination processing. The software developed will help
schools management to achieve efficient information management
system. There are many other advantages, and some of them are listed
below.
1. It saves time during examination processing
2. Database for student course registration and examination result
is maintained
3. References are very fast and delays can be avoided.
4. It allows easy access to stored information.
5. Help in reducing the costs such as labor, inventory and
stationary.
6. Generation of accurate results/information on transactions is
sure.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
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This research work will concentrate on student registration system,
student course registration and examination processing system using
Caritas University (Computer Science & Information Technology
Department) as a case study. The system developed will only cover
registration of students, student course registration and result
processing.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Information System: It is a collection of procedures, people,
Instructions and equipment to produce information in a useful form.
Technology: It is study of techniques or process of mobilizing
Resource (such as information) for accomplishing objectives that
benefits man and his environment.
Information: Information can be defined as the process of gathering,
transmitting, receiving, storing and retrieving data or several items put
together to convey a desired message.
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Computer Network: Computer Network is a system that connects
two or more computers together using a communication link.
Databases: A systematically arranged collection of computer data,
structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It
is also called databank.
File Transfer: Any kind of computer file can be sent via the Internet
from one Internet user to another. Table of accounts on spreadsheets,
design by a graphic artists, music sound files etc, can all be exchanged
in this way.
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