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ANUJEONYE, NNEAMAKA CHRISTIANA (MRS)

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  • Name: DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB-BASED MULTICRITERIA DECISION SYSTEM FOR NYSC DEPLOYMENT TO PLACES OF PRIMARY ASSIGNMENT
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: [4.08 MB]
  • Length: [139] Pages

 

ABSTRACT

Every year many corps members are posted to different parts of the country to serve
their fatherland for one year. The deployment of corps members to their places of
primary assignments is a much more difficult task. The camp-officials manually select
corps members and deploy them to different organizations for their primary
assignments. The manual method used is very cumbersome, time consuming, and also
prone to errors and irregularities due to human nature. Irrespective of the time
consumed in this manual deployment some of the corps members are being deployed
to where their disciplines are irrelevant to their place of primary assignments thereby
leading to their rejection and for making the service year wasted. In this research, a
web-based multicriteria decision model was designed to considerably take care of the
aforementioned problems. The multicriteria decision system provides an automated
process for posting corps members to their places of primary assignments
appropriately. The model also provide avenue for organisations to register their
request for corps online and the corps can check their places of primary assignment
from anywhere they are.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page————————————————————————————-ii
Declaration———————————————————————————–iii
Certification———————————————————————————-iv
Dedication————————————————————————————v
Acknowledgement————————————————————————–vi
Abstract————————————————————————————–vii
Table of content—————————————————————————-viii
List of Table———————————————————————————xi
List of figures——————————————————————————-xii
Glossary————————————————————————————-xiii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study———————————————————1
1.1.2 National youth service corps (NYSC) Deployment ————————–2
1.2 Research Motivation————————————————————–2
1.3 Research Objective—————————————————————-3
1.4 Research Methodology———————————————————–4
1.5 Contribution to Knowledge——————————————————4
1.6 Organisation of the thesis——————————————————–5
9
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 History of National Youth Service Corps (NYSC)————————–             6
2.2 Deployment Policy—————————————————————     8
2.3 Recruitment———————————————————————–    9
2.3.1 Employee Screening and Selection———————————-                  10
2.3.2 Validity of Selection Method—————————————–                  14
2.3.3 Selection Methods——————————————————              15
2.4 E-recruitment: categories source———————————————-       19
2.4.1 Traditional Recruiting verses E-recruiting————————–                     19
2.4.2 Categories of E-recruiting source————————————                  24
2.4.3 E-recruitment Process————————————————–               30
2.4.4 Advantages of using e-recruitment ———————————-                 36
2.4.5 Disadvantages of using e-recruitment——————————-                  37
2.5 Human Resources Management Information Systems (HRMIS)
in recruitment and selection—————————————————             37
2.6 Related Works——————————————————————-      39
CHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM MODELLING AND DESIGN
ARCHITECTURE
3.1 Introduction———————————————————————       45
3.2 Multicriteria Decision Model———————————————–              46
3.3 Program Flow ——————————————————————        47
3.4 The new System Architecture————————————————           49

CHAPTER FOUR : SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION
4.1 System Development ———————————————————          53
4.2 System Requirement———————————————————–         58
4.2.1 Hardware Requirement———————————————–                    58
4.2.2 Software Requirement————————————————                    58
4.3 User Interface——————————————————————-        58
4.4 Interface Forms—————————————————————–        59
4.4.1 Home Page————————————————————-                 59
4.4.2 Corps member Registration——————————————                   60
4.4.3 Organisation Request form ——————————————                   61
4.4.4 Login Menu for Administrator— ———————————-                     62
4.4.5 Corps Member Posted Page—————————————–                   63
4.4.6 Check Post Page——————————————————                   64
4.4.7 Interpretation of the Result of the researcher———————-                    65
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Conclusion———————————————————————-      67
5.2 Recommendations————————————————————-       68
5.3 Further Research—————————————————————       68
References——————————————————————————-69
Appendix A——————————————————————————73

 

CHAPTER ONE

Background of the Study

The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) is a programme that involves Nigerian
graduates in the development and integration of their country. There is no military
conscription in Nigeria, but since 1973 graduates of universities and later polytechnics
have been required to take part in the NYSC programme for national service
(Marenin, 1990). It was explained that one of the expectations of the programme is
that corps members should be posted to cities and states far from their homes and
states of origin. They are expected to mix with people of other tribes, social and
family backgrounds, to learn the culture of the indigenes in the place they are posted
to. It is a way to engender unity in Nigeria, to help youths appreciate other ethnic
groupings in the country. During the period of service, there is an “Orientation” period
of approximately three weeks which is spent in a camp away from family and friends.
There is also a “passing out ceremony” at the end of the year and primary assignment
followed by one month of vacation.
The programme also help in creating jobs opportunity for a lot of Nigerian youths. An
NYSC forum dedicated to the NYSC members was recently built to bridge the gap
amongst members serving across Nigeria and also an avenue for corps to share job
information and career resources as well as getting loans from the National
Directorate of Employment. The NYSC programme is a programme that prepares
youths to work after tertiary education in universities, polytechnics and their
equivalent. This program is suffering a lot of setbacks such as posting a graduate of
science programme to non-science oriented place of primary assignment and like wise

other disciplines. Some corps members, due to lack of information, do not effectively
perform their service. It is expected that this study would help to profer solution(s) to
these problems.
1.1.2 National youth service corps (NYSC) Deployment

Every year more than 5,000 corps members are deployed to each state for one year
service. This deployment is in three (3) batches namely batches A, B and C. Batches
A and B corps members are usually more in number while batch C corps members are
fewer. Out of this number some will relocate from the state they are deployed to
another state because of certain reasons like marital status and health condition.
The result of the interview from some NYSC official states that there are two types of
NYSC deployment of corps members. The first type is National level deployment
where qualified graduates from institutions of higher learning are deployed to the
various states they will serve. The list of the graduates is gotten through the student
affairs officer of the institutions that is responsible for the preparation of eligible
students for service. In this type of deployment, corps members’ state of origin,
marital status and health conditions are considered before posting the corps members.
The second type is done at state level which involves deploying corps members that
are posted to the state after orientation to the places of primary assignment. To
process this second type of deployment, organisation requests, marital status and
health condition are considered.
1.2 Research Motivation

Decisions on deploying corps members to the places of primary assignment are made
by committee constituted by NYSC zonal inspectors and mobilisation officer by

considering some factors such as organisations requests, corps discipline and
qualifications, gender, tribes and marital status.
Faced with the multiple criteria (organisations requests, corps discipline and
qualifications, gender, tribes and marital status), the deployment committee annually
evaluates every corps member against the requirement before deploying the corps
members. This process is cumbersome and time consuming. Moreover, the corps
members are deployed to places that are not relevant to their disciplines. This, for
most of the time, renders their one year service wasted. With manual processing, the
deployment is bound to be tedious, time wasting, inaccurate due to human error and at
times deliberate manipulation to achieve personal aim or to favour some friends like
deploying corps from influential people to urban centers or better places and others to
rural areas.
The problems associated with manual system of corps members’ deployment give rise
to the need for development of computerised model that can be use to carryout the
deployment process with a view to: reduce the time it takes to process the deployment
of corps members to their places of primary assignment; have fair and impartial
deployment, placement and to minimize the incidence of rejection of corps members
by organisations.
1.3 Research Objectives
The main objectives of this thesis is to develop and implement an online deployment
of corps members to their place of primary assignments using NYSC corps membersdeployed
to Kaduna State as a case study. The specific objectives are to:

(i) develop a multicriteria decision deployment model for NYSC; and
(ii) implement a web-based NYSC multicriteria decision system of deploying corps
members to their places of primary assignment for Kaduna State.

1.4 Research Methodology
A review of related literature on recruitment, human resource management, selection
and screening processes and existing NYSC deployment manual system was done.
Some of the Zonal coordinators and camp officials were interviewed about the
process of manual method of deployment of corps members to their places of primary
assignment. A multicriteria decision model for deploying corps members to their
places of primary assignments was developed using parameters such as corps
members’ disciplines, genders and tribes among others. The parameters were related
with requests from different organisations/institutions/company/governments to match
corps members to their respective places of primary assignments. The system was
implemented using Apache as the web server, PHP as script language, MySQL as the
relational database system with windows as operating system.
1.5 Contribution to knowledge
The study established a multicriteria decision system for deploying corps members to
their place of primary assignments thereby reducing/eliminating the errors, stress and
time wastage in the manual deployment of the corps members.

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