Project File Details


3,000.00

File Type: MS Word (DOC) & PDF

File Size:  778KB

Number of Pages:75

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title page ………………………………………………………………………………..………i
Certification page ………………………………………………………………………………..ii
Dedication ……………………………………………………………………………………….iii
Acknowledgement ………………………………………………………………………………iv
Table of contents ……………………………………………………….……………………………v
Abstract ………………………………………………………………………………………….x
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………1
1.2 Background of the study ………………………………………………………………………1
1.3 Statement of the problem ……………………………………………………………………..2
1.4 Aims and Objectives…………………………………………………………………………..3
1.5 Significance of the study ………………………………………………………………………3
1.6 Scope and Limitation ………………………………………………………………………….4
1.7 Definition of terms …………………………………………………………………………….4
1.7.1 Internet …………………………………………………………………………………….4
1.7.2 Web ……………………………………………………………………………………….4
1.7.3 Web browser ………………………………………………………………………………4
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1.7.4 Website ……………………………………………………………………………………5
1.7.5 Web page …………………………………………………………………………………5
1.7.6 Localhost ………………….………………………………………………………………5
1.7.7 Web server ……………………………………………………………………………….5
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction to billing ……………………………………………………………………….7
2.2 Types of billing ………………………………………………………………………………7
2.3 Classification of bills ………………………………………………………………………..8
2.4 Online billing systems (Electronic bills) ………………………………………………..…..10
2.4.1 Features of online bills ……………………………………………………………………10
2.4.2 Advantages of online billing systems ……………………………………………………..11
2.4.3 Disadvantages of online billing systems ………………………………………………….12
2.5 Short message service (SMS) …………………………………………………………….…12
2.5.1 Types of short message service (SMS) ……………………………………………………13
2.6 Water meter …………………………………………………………………………………14
2.6.1 Meter reading (MR) ……………………………………………………………………….14
2.7 Review of some existing water billing systems ……………………………………………..14
2.8 Software tools ……………………………………………………………………………….15
2.8.1 Hypertext markup language (HTML) ……………………………………………………15
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2.8.2 Hypertext preprocessor (PHP) …………………………………………………………..16
2.8.3 Apache http server ……………………………………………………………………….18
2.8.4 Mysql …………………………………………………………………………………….19
2.8.5 Java script ………………………………………………………………………………..20
2.8.6 Wamp server ……………………………………………………………………………..21
CHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM ANALYSIS
3.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………..23
3.2 Requirement analysis ………………………………………………………………………23
3.2.1 Hardware requirements …………………………………………………………………..24
3.2.2 Software requirements ………………………………………………………………..…24
3.2.3 Preferred requirements ……………………………………………………………..……24
3.3 Analysis of the current system ……………………………………………………..………25
3.3.1 Analysis of the input …………………………………………………………….………26
3.3.2 Analysis of the output ………………………………………………………….………..26
3.3.3 Analysis of the existing system procedure ………………………………….……………27
3.4 Files maintained ……………………………………………………………….…………..27
3.5 Web-design methodology …………………………………………………….……………28
3.5.1 Mission statement ………………………………………………………….……………28
3.5.2 Audience modeling ………………………………………………………..…………….28
3.5.3 Conceptual modeling ……………………………………………………..……………..29
3.5.4 Implementation design phase ………………………………………….………………..29
3.5.5 Implementation phase ……………………………………………….…………………..31
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3.6 Expectations of the new system …………………………………………………………..31
CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
4.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………33
4.2 System design …………………………………………………….………………………33
4.3 Description of the proposed system …………………………..…………………………..34
4.3.1 Steps of design process ……………………………………..…………………………..35
4.3.2 System flow design ……………………………………..………………………………39
4.3.3 Data flow diagram ………………………………………..……………………………..43
4.3.4 Use case ………………………………………………..………………………………..44
4.3.5 Database design ………………………………………..………………………………..46
4.4 System implementation ………………………………..………………………………….50
4.4.1 Login page …………………………………………..…………………………………..50
4.4.2 Registration page …………………………………..……………………………………51
4.4.3 Consumer home page ……………………………..…………………………………….52
4.4.4 Password resetting page ………………………………………………………………….52
4.4.5 Feedback page ……………………………………………………………………………53
4.4.6 Cashiers page …………………………………..………………………………………..54
4.4.7 Administrator control panel …………………..…………………………………………54
4.5 System testing ………………………………………………………………………………55
4.5.1 Testing method ……………………………………………………………………………56
4.5.2 Test plan …………………………………………………………………………………..56
4.5.3 Types of testing ………………………………………………..…………………….……57
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CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary ……………………………………………………..……………………………59
5.2 Conclusion …………………………………………………..……………………………..61
5.3 Recommendation …………………………………………..………………………………62
5.4 Suggestions for further research …………………………………………………………….62
5.5 References ………………………………………………….………………………………..64

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 INTRODUCTION
It is obvious that without technology there is no modernization, and modernization in turn
brings about improvement in the quality of our lives. The invention of computer and some other
related devices has no doubt brought improvement in the quality of life. With the introduction of
computer many software were invented and has made those things, which seem not to be
possible, a reality.
SMS Based Water Billing Software is a special program designed to store and manages
the records of all the billing activities of the Bagudo water board. It helps to save the record of
consumers, cashiers and monthly bills. It also helps to send consumers monthly bills via SMS.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The importance of computer cannot be over emphasized since the ancient times, computer
has proven itself capable of accepting data, storing, processing and producing an accurate result
or output. Since computer has partially taken most of the responsibilities of human being, i
intend to embed the use of computer in the billing exercise.
Water Board is an organization that deals with several paper works and ledger cards in saving
records. These records increase every day as transaction is always going on in the organization.
As the record increases, information saving, retrieval and maintenance is becoming tedious every
day. There is lack of security because the data can be altered by any individual.
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Another important thing with most of this water boards is that they deal with many of
consumers, the notification of consumers on their monthly bills which is very difficult using the
paper system of keeping records of billing, where the cashiers has to go round to distribute bills.
Monthly report is also very important in order to allow the organization to make further
decisions based on the success or failure recorded in a month.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Proper record management is of very important to every organization or company. Most
organizations have poor record management which leads them to having many problems during
auditing.
Water Board is an organization that deals with every day transaction. The record of bills is
what is used to determine success or failure and is what will be used for further decision as to
continue with the present pattern of business or change to a new style.
The manual record keeping and billing is very slow and is error prone. No proper security is
usually provided to the record and so can be tempered with by any individual either intentional
or accidental. Another problem with the manual system of record keeping and billing is the
natural disaster. Disasters like fire outbreak etc can cause damages or even total vanish of all
records.
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1.4 AIM and OBJECTIVES
Aim
To design and implement an SMS based Water Billing System
Project Objectives
1.4.1 To study and investigate on the current system
1.4.2 To conduct a literature review on SMS based Water Billing System
1.4.3 To investigate the most appropriate tool for the development of a web-based System
1.4.4 To design and implement a database for SMS based Water Billing System
1.4.5 To design and implement a front-end tool
1.4.6 To evaluate the tools, techniques and methods used to design and implement the
propose system.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project work is of benefit to the management of Bagudo Water Board for simplicity of
their work and to help improve their activities more efficiently. The research also served as
academic bedrock upon which student and researchers would build their research on similar or
other academic work of their choice.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION
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This project is useful for the Bagudo Water Board, Branch of Kebbi State Water Board, but
has extended capabilities to accommodate more additional Water Boards. It does not suffice for
Kebbi State Water Board as a whole.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
1.7.1 Internet
It is a “network of networks” that consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic,
business, and government networks, etc. which together carry various information and services,
such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked web pages and other
resources of the World Wide Web (www).
1.7.2 Web
The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked hypertext
document accessed via the internet.
1.7.3 Web browser
A web browser is a software application which enables a user to display and interact with
text, images, video, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on
the World Wide Web or a local area network.
1.7.4 Website
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A website (alternatively, web site ) is a collection of web pages, images, video or other
digital assists that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the internet.
1.7.5 Web page
A web page or webpage is a resource of information that is suitable for the World Wide Web
and can be accessed through a web browser. This information is usually in HTML or XHTML
format, and may provide navigation to other web pages via hypertext links.
1.7.6 Localhost
Localhost is a software program that facilitates access to peer-to-peer virtual file system via
Bit Torrent protocol.
Default name describing the local computer address also known as the loopback address. For
example, typing: ping localhost would ping the local IP address of 127.0.0.1 (the loopback
address). When setting up a web server or software on a web server, 127.0.0.1 is used to point
the software to the local machine.
This IP address is the local IP address and is not the IP address used by your computer to
communicate with other computers on your network or the Internet.
1.7.7 Web server
A web server is essentially a computer program which is responsible for handling HTTP
requests. A browser request to view a page the server then accepts the request and displays the
page. From a general point of view, we consider web servers as the storage area for files which
are available on the web. So in order for any page to be viewable on the web it must be loaded on
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to the web server. A web server is usually a dedicated piece of hardware and software used to
allow a website to be displayed on the net.

 

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