This study was carried out to examine EndSars protest: a means of promoting insecurity in Nigeria in Lagos state . Specifically, the study examine the cause of the EndSars protest in Nigeria. The study also examine the impact of the EndSars protest on the security of lives and property in Nigeria. The study further find out if the protest was used to promote insecurity in Nigeria. Lastly the study proffer a probable solution to the insecurity in Nigeria. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 77 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analyzed, the findings revealed that there is need to create an economy with appropriate social infrastructure, Empower the police and give them regular training. Also, government should boost peoples living standard. Furthermore, harassment from the Sars unit in the Nigerian police was one of the reason for the EndSars protest. Lastly, extortion from the Sars unit in the Nigeria police is another reason for the EndSars protest. The study hereby recommend that there is a need to establishment Community Policing within each divisional police headquarters for effective management of insecurity. Also, There is a need to created an economy with appropriate social, economic, and physical infrastructure for business and industrial growth. Lastly, the EndSars protest was a way the youth could express their grievances about police harassment, assault and unlawful killings. Hence the need for reformation of the Nigerian police in other to improve the security of the populace.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
National security is a premise for national economic growth and development of nations. This is because peaceful nations attract foreign investors while the domestic investors freely operate the economy with little or no tensions and apprehensions. The deteriorating security situation in Nigeria is worrisome. Recently, Nigeria has witnessed unprecedented level of insecurity ranging from intra-communal, inter-communal and inter ethnic clashes; religious violence; armed robbery; assassination, kidnapping and “boko haram” insurgency (Mutiullah cited in Abubakar, 2011). Insecurity in Nigeria is causing developmental challenges such as endemic penury, high rate of unemployment, inured corruption, low industrial output, unstable and deteriorating exchange rate, high inflation rate, inadequate physical and social infrastructure, large domestic debt, and rising external debt profile (Ewetan, 2013). These problems have posed severe threats to socio-economic development in the country in that it stifles business and economic activities and discourages local and foreign investors (Ewetan & Urhie, 2014).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The quagmire in which security challenges has placed this nation is unquantifiable. A nation endowed with both human and natural resources are suffering from severe pangs of hunger to the detriment of the citizenry. This scenario has prompted many youths to engage in nefarious and precarious activities such as armed robbery, kidnapping, child abduction etc. Youths who are leaders of tomorrow are neglected. This ugly situation has resulted in migration of youths from one country to the other in search of greener pastures where many have lost their lives. Therefore, it is crystal clear that the state of insecurity in Nigeria is largely a function of government failure and lackadaisical attitude towards the poor masses. However the Endsars protest which took a long stretch of two weeks saw thousands of youth come out and pour out their frustration, concerns, and probable solution about SARS which is a unit in the Nigerian police force. It can be seen during the protest that many of the youth saw it as an avenue to steal and plunder the hard work of some other persons. This further brings to the question : is Endsars protest truly an avenue for the youth to vent their frustration about the activities of Sars or a means of promoting insecurity in Nigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The primary objective of the study is as follows
- To examine the cause of the EndSars protest in Nigeria.
- To examine the impact of the EndSars protest on the security of lives and property in Nigeria.
- To find out if the protest was used to promote insecurity in Nigeria
- To proffer a probable solution to the insecurity in Nigeria.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following questions have been prepared for the study
- What are the cause of Endars protest in Nigeria?
- Did the EndSars protest have impact on the lives and property of citizens?
- Was the EndSars protest used to promote insecurity in Nigeria?
- What are the probable solution to insecurity in Nigeria?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will examine EndSars protest: a means of promoting insecurity in Nigeria
This study will be of significant to the Nigerian government as it will see the need to attends to situations that bothers the people before it leads to a protest .
The study will be of benefit to the academic community as it will contribute to the existing literature.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study focuses on EndSars protest: a means of promoting insecurity in Nigeria. The study will also, examine the cause of the EndSars protest in Nigeria. The study will further examine the impact of the EndSars protest on the security of lives and property in Nigeria. More so the study will find out if the protest was used to promote insecurity in Nigeria. Lastly the study will proffer a probable solution to the insecurity in Nigeria.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:
Just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data
Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires
Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher.
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