This study is on impact of financial information on the profitability of business organization in Nigeria. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Dangote group of company, Lagos state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up human resource managers, production managers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
- Background of the study
An organizational environment in which the right information is provided to the right people at the right time in an understandable format is conducive to sound decision making. Prickett (2007:23) concurs that individuals need more than simple access to information, “they need to be able to make sense of it, focus on the relevant areas, priorities sources, grasp key facts and, above all, reduce the time needed to do it”. This implies that for information to be useful, it must have certain qualitative characteristics (see ch 4), such as being understandable, relevant and concise. However, current means of disclosing financial information may provide users (eg investors, creditors, customers, employees, board members and management) with information that is not wanted or needed, or that may not provide them with the timely, relevant, understandable and cost-effective information they need. Financial reporting is the communication of financial information to various users of accounting information to make an investment decision, obtaining credit facilities, and other financing decisions (Wild, Shaw, & Chiappetta, 2009). Furthermore, most financial reports in Nigeria are governed by regulations and standards from various recognized financial regulatory bodies such as the Securities Transaction Commission (SEC), the Financial Accounting Reporting Council of Nigeria (FRCN), Nigeria stock transaction to mention a few. Financial reports are formal and comprehensive statements describing financial activities of a business organization such as the manufacturing firm. It is also a statement that reports all relevant financial information, presented in a structured manner and in a form easy to understand for managerial use and for taking a prompt and informed decision relating to investment (IASB, 2007). The major relevance of the financial report to some users of financial statement is to provide information about the performance and changes in financial position of a firm. These users include managers, directors, employees, prospective investors, financial institutions, government regulatory agencies, media, vendors and the general public. Financial reports are often prepared according to national standards, corporate governance, professional ethics, and code of ethics to avoid financial reporting fraud and scandals that might hinder effective decision-making process by management and other users of reports. The financial reports comprises of balance sheet (now called statement of changes in financial position), profit and loss statement (now called statement of comprehensive income), statement of equity changes (Statement of changes in equity, the company’s equity), and cash flow statements (now referred to as statement of cash flow activities). On the other hand, Finance is always being disregarded in financial decision-making since it involves investment and financing in a short-term period. Furthermore, it also acts as a restrain in financial performance since it does not contribute to return on equity (Rafuse, 1996). A well designed and implemented financial management is expected to contribute positively to the creation of a firm’s value (Padachi, 2006). The dilemma in financial management is to achieve the desired trade-off between liquidity, solvency and profitability (Lazaridis, 2006).The subject of corporate financial performance has received significant attention from scholars in the various areas of business and strategic management.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Business organizations are faced with numerous problems which affect the efficiency of their operations. These problems could range from unavailability of reliable accounting information on which to base their managerial decision to manage ignorance of these factors, knowledge of which could have otherwise enhanced the operations of the business, especially as regards to planning of financial transactions both in the present and in the near future. Also, most entrepreneurs do not have training experience in financial management and are reluctant in seeking expert advice and assistance. This often leads to business growth and development restriction and business failure. As a result of these factors, they are not able to project or even give an estimate in successive future periods. These constraints make it impossible for small scale entrepreneurs to take advantage of available investments (both long and short term investments) and alternative sources of capital which could improve the entire scope of the business. Basically the problem is that most small scale businesses do not draw financial plans as regards to their activities.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the impact of financial information on the profitability of business organization in Nigeria
- To determine the relationship between the quality of financial information and profit after tax in business organization
- To ascertain the relationship between financial information and profitability of business organization
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no impact of financial information on the profitability of business organization in Nigeria
H1: there is impact of financial information on the profitability of business organization in Nigeria
H02: there is no relationship between the quality of financial information and profit after tax in business organization
H2: there is relationship between the quality of financial information and profit after tax in business organization
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will give a clear insight on impact of financial information on the profitability of business organization in Nigeria. The study will be beneficial to students, business organizations and the general public. The study will serve as reference to other researchers that will embark on this topic.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers impact of financial information on the profitability of business organization in Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
- c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
FINANCIAL INFORMATION: Financial statements (or financial report) are a formal record of the financial activities and position of a business, person, or other entity. Relevant financial information is presented in a structured manner and in a form easy to understand
PROFITABILITY: the degree to which a business or activity yields profit or financial gain.
BUSINESS ORGANIZATION: A business organization is an entity aimed at carrying on commercial enterprise by providing goods or services, to meet needs of the customers.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
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