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Download the complete Mass Communication project topic and material (chapter 1-5) titled IMPACT OF FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT ON JOURNALISM PRACTICE: A STUDY OF JOURNALISM PRACTICE IN UYO COMMUNITY- FROM JANUARY TO JUNE 2013.  here on PROJECTS.ng. See below for the abstract, table of contents, list of figures, list of tables, list of appendices, list of abbreviations and chapter one. Click the DOWNLOAD NOW button to get the complete project work instantly.

 

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  • Name: IMPACT OF FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT ON JOURNALISM PRACTICE: A STUDY OF JOURNALISM PRACTICE IN UYO COMMUNITY- FROM JANUARY TO JUNE 2013.
  • Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
  • Size: [356 KB]
  • Length: [71] Pages

 

ABSTRACT

This project on ― impact of Freedom of Information Act: A study of journalism practices in Uyo community – from January to June, is aimed at finding out how Freedom of Information Act impact positively on the life of practicing journalists in Uyo community. In carrying out the study the researcher used survey design method, while questionnaire was the instrument of the study. Simple tables and percentages were used in analyzing and presenting the data collected. The researcher made some recommendations to support that Freedom of Information Act encourage investigative journalism, balance reporting, openness and transparency in the decision making process which will improve citizens trust in government action. The researcher also made few numbers of suggestions for further studies which will continue to inform people about the impact this topic (Freedom of Information Act) has on our society. And from the conclusion drawn from the questionnaire tables, it is shown that Freedom of Information Act impact positively on the life of working journalists in Uyo community and strengthens the constitutional guarantee of freedom to receive and impact information and ideas without any hindrance. Again, the respondents proved that Freedom of Information Act empower the professionalism and the ethics of journalism.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page …………………………………………………………………………………I
Certification ……………………………………………………………………………..II
Dedication ……………………………………………………………………………………….III
Acknowledgments ………………………………………………………………………IV
Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………………V
Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………..V1
List of Tables……………………………………………………………………V11

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study…………………………………………………………….1
1.2 Statement of the Problem……………………………………………………………3
1.3 Objective of the Study ………………………………………………………………4
1.4 Research Questions…………………………………………………………………………5
1.5 Scope of the Study……………………………………………………………………5
1.6 Significant of the Study………………………………………………………………5
1.7 Operational Definition of Significant Terms………………………………………6

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………….9
2.2 Review of Concepts…………………………………………………………………..9
2.3 Review of Related Studies………………………………………………………….10
2.4 Theoretical Framework…………………………………………………………….21
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2.5 Summary…………………………………………………………………………….40

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction …………………………………………………………………………41
3.2 Research Design or Research Technique………………………………………….42
3.3 Population of Study…………………………………………………………………43
3.4 Sampling Technique/ Sample………………………………………………………43
3.5 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques……………………………………………44
3.6 Instrument for Data Collection…………………………………………………….45
3.7 Validity of Instrument ……………………………………………………………..45
3.8 Method of Data Analysis …………………………………………………………..46
3.9 Method of Data Collection…………………………………………………………46

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………47
4.2 Data Presentation and Analysis……………………………………………………47
4.3 Discussion of Findings ……………………………………………………………..56

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………58
5.2 Summary of Findings………………………………………………………………58
5.3 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………..59
5.4 Recommendation……………………………………………………………………59
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5.5 Suggestions for Further Studies…………………………………………………..60
References: ……………………………………………………………………..61
Appendix I: ……………………………………………………………………..63
Appendix II ……………………………………………………………………..64

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
Freedom of information is both a concept in journalism an issue in contemporary
medical practice. This controversial concept establishes that media practitioners‘
especially journalist reserve the freedom to probe, to dig, to pry for the purpose of
obtaining information, news, opinion and publish same without hindrance. It proposes
that the gathering and reporting of news and opinion should operate without any
limitation or constraint. In other word journalist, like every other Nigeria have the right to
hold opinion, receive information and impact ideas without interference. This is a
fundamental human right guaranteed every individual by the constitution including
journalists.
Again freedom of information is an essential right for every person; it allows
individual and groups to protect their right. It is an important guard against abuses,
mismanagement and corruption. It benefits government themselves in terms of openness
and transparency in the decision making process and improve citizen trust in government
action.
For the important of the freedom of information, survey had shown that nearly
seventy[70]countries around the world including Nigeria have not adopted
comprehensive freedom of information act to facilitate access to record held by the
government bodies and another fifty have pending efforts. A few countries have issued
decrees or used constitutional provision. Many countries have adopted others that can
provide for limited access their own records held by the government agencies and private
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organization, specific statutes that give right of access in certain area such as health,
environment, government procurement and consumer protection.
Freedom of information could be traced to the age enlightenment and
development of democracy in America.it is a product of libertarianism which derived
unarguably from the libertarian theory of the libertarian approach to the ingredient of
libertarian approach of media.
Freedom of Information stoutly opposes the authoritarian philosophy of the press
in which absolute power and control over ownership, content and the use to which the
media could be put resided with the monarch.
As pointed out in chapter five of GOKE R.[2003].mass media and the society.
issues and perspectives the authoritarian system pre-supposes that; truth was conceived to
be not the product of the great mass of people but a few men who were in a position to
guide and direct their fellows thus, truth was thought to be centered near the center of
power .The rulers of the time used the press to inform the people of what the rulers
thought they should know and the policies the rulers thought they should support.
The role of the press then therefore was chiefly to support and advance the
policies and thinking of the government in a society where criticism of the political
machinery and officials in power through the media was forbidden.
This contradicts the beliefs of the libertarian that man is a rational being capable
of choosing between truth and falsehood, deciding between bad and good, and when face
with alternative choices, capable to unerringly choose the truth and the good. The press
therefore, must be free to feed the people with information and allow them to judge
because they are rational beings. According to Siebert pater so et ela ―the libertarian
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liable assume that in a democratic society, there would be multiplicity of voices available
to, if not actually reaching the public.‖ Let every man who has something to say on
public issues express himself regardless of whether what he has to say is true or false and
the public ultimately decided.

1.2 Statement of the Problem
Before the signing of freedom of information act (FOI) by president Good luck
Jonathan on the 28th may 2011,the press went through a lot of criticism in the hands of
people/government especially the military government which as a result many
journalist/media practitioners were imprisoned, assassinated and assaulted. However, this
research work aim at studying;
 The effect of government censorship on journalists.
 Non access to public information kept by government, public institution and
private bodies.
 Criticism and government suppression.

1.3 Objective of the Study
It is a well-known fact that Freedom of Information Act (FOI) was to strengthen
the constitutional guarantee of freedom to receive and impact information and ideas. The
law encourages investigative journalism, balance reporting, and objectivity, verification
of stories, openness, transparency, fairness and accuracy in media presentation.
Therefore, the researchers consider the following objective relevant.
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1. To find out the Impacting of Freedom of Information Act (FOI) on journalist
practices in Uyo Community.
2. To know the extent of Freedom of Information Act Practice in Uyo Community.
3. To determine how Uyo L G A (local government area) encourages Freedom of
Information Act.

1.4 Research Questions
The researcher‘s attend in the research work will be focused on how to answer the
following questions;
1. What are the impacts of freedom of Information Act on journalists in Uyo
community
2. What are the extents of Freedom of Information Act among practicing Journalist
in Uyo Community
3. How does the government of Uyo community encourages Freedom of
Information Act.
1.5 Scope of the Study
This study is mainly focuses on the residence of Uyo community which include
the four clans of Uyo local government of Akwa Ibom state.

1.8 Significance of the Study
This study is aim at promoting and encouraging the new law ―Freedom of
Information Act‖ in Uyo community and Nigeria at large. The study will be of great
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benefit to the researcher, journalist and the entire Nigeria to embrace the law in order to
encourage professionalism and the ethnics of journalism.

1.7 Operational Definition of Terms
Freedom: This is the power or right to act, speak etc. as one wants without anyone
stopping. It is the permission to use, act, and speak, etc. without restriction in Uyo
community.

Information: This is a fact told, heard or discovered about something/ somebody. It is
also seen as knowledge gives/ provides/ pass on/ receive/ obtain/ collect about something/
somebody in Uyo community.

Act: This is a law made by a parliament or similar body in Uyo community.

Journalism: This is the activity or product of journalists or others engage in the
preparation of written, visual, or audio material intended for dissemination through public
media with reference to factual, ongoing events of public concern. It is intended to inform
society about itself and to make public things that would otherwise be private in Uyo
community.

Uyo community: This is a city in the south eastern Nigeria and is the capital of Akwa
Ibom state. The city became a capital of Akwa Ibom state on September 23, 1997
following the creation of Cross River. Uyo is bounded by;
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Abak,
Itu,
Uruan,
Ibesikpo Asutan and
Etinan local government all in Akwa Ibom State. She is made up of four (4) clans which
includes; Ikono, Etio, Oku, and Offort clan. She has a total population of 309,513(male
153, 11 and female 156,460) according to 2006 National census.

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