The Project File Details
- Name: IMPACT OF NIGERIAN TELEVISION AUTHORITY (NTA) ENUGU COMMERCIALS ON CONSUMER DEMAND FOR MALTA GUINNESS
- Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
- Size: [451 KB]
- Length:  Pages
This research work was aimed at finding the Impact of NTA Enugu Commercials on Consumers Demand for Malta Guinness. The researcher made use of the survey design to gather necessary information. Copies of questionnaire were administered and retrieved from the respondent. The findings showed that NTA, Enugu commercials have impact on consumers demand for Malta Guinness. Also commercials affect the choice of products in a competitive market. The researcher made some recommendations based on the findings of the research. That companies should endeavour to spend reasonable amount of money on commercials, which would be regained through increased sales volume. Manufacturing companies should also carry out more pre-advertising and post advertising researches so as to determine effectiveness of the commercial made.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents/figures vi
List of tables ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 4
1.3 Objectives of the study 4
1.4 Research questions 4
1.5 Hypothesis 4
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study 5
1.7 Significance of the study 5
1.8 Operational definition of significant terms 6
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 Review of concepts 7
2.2.1 Nigerian Television Authority 7
2.2.2 The concept of television 9
2.2.3 The concept of consumer demand 10
2.2.4 The concept of Malta Guinness 11
2.3 Review of related studies 12
2.4 Theoretical framework 17
2.5 Summary 18
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
3.1 Introduction 19
3.2 Research design or Research technique 19
3.3 Population of study 20
3.4 Sampling technique/sample 21
3.5 Description of research instrument 21
3.6 Validity and reliability of data gathering instrument 22
3.7 Method of data collection 22
3.8 Method of data analyses 22
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND DISSCUSION OF FINDINGS
4.1 Introduction 24
4.2 Data presentation and analyses 24
4.3 Testing of hypothesis 32
4.4 Discussion of findings
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Introduction 38
5.2 Summary of findings 38
5.5 Suggestions for further studies
1.1 Background of Study
Advertising is one of the most common strategies used to direct persuasive communication to
target buyers and public. Achumba and Osuagwu (1994) quote the American Marketing
Association (AMA) as defining advertising as any paid form of non-personal presentation.
Advertising on television offers a number of benefits to businesses by incorporating sound,
images and movement to make the whole package interesting for consumers.
Advertising on television is the ability to communicate with a very large audience. Most
companies adopt various marketing approaches in a bid to maintain or increase profit
margins, market shares or sales volume of their product or services.
Television commercials have always been able to appeal to multiple senses through its
combination of text, images, sound and motion.
Television is a powerful advertising medium, it relies on both sound and visual effects. These
effects can be used in combination to catch the attention of the audience and then reinforce
their retention rate by repeating message using both audio and video.
The role of a good commercial includes creation of awareness, generation of favourable
attitude and preference in consumers mind for the demand of the particular brand.
Hence, a good commercial is one that is capable of attracting attention, making consumers
develop interest, making them desire to buy the product and use the product. Television
reaches a large variety of individuals with different backgrounds which makes it cost efficient
for advertisers to reach a mass audience.
A well created television commercial draws the audience to watch it. According to a study by
Ball state university, the average individual watches television for more than 4 ½ hours a day.
This is more time than individuals spend listening to the radio or reading the newspaper, this
increases the visibility of television commercials.
Commercial also known as advertising is a specialized form of communication because in
order to satisfy the market function it has to influence the choice of the consumers.
Commercial is one of the most efficient tools that manufacturing companies utilize to create
more demand for their products on account of its capacity to reach a large number of people
at a relatively short time cost.
Radio advertisers can only appeal to one of the senses of their listeners (hearing). Television
on the other hand can take advantage of both the senses of hearing and of vision by appealing
to both senses.
A sale price can be spoken during the television commercial then reinforced with a graphic
on the television, using a high quality graphic can make it easier for the customers to
remember a product than just hearing about it.
To achieve optimum and lasting results all relevant marketing elements should be effectively
coordinated with commercial.
The importance of commercial as a marketing promotional activity is to promote product and
service flow through appropriate channels, to act as a catalyst in acquainting the consumer
with options by which wants may be satisfied.
Television commercial is still the most persuasive and powerful tool for reaching consumers,
television commercial has tremendous effect on consumers just by repetition and exposure of
catchy jingles and slogans.
Commercial can be classified into:
(A) Print media.
(B) Electronic media.
The print media include: newspapers, magazines, outdoor posters, bill boards, journals and
novelties etc. The electronic media include: radio, television, internet etc.
Demand for product is created through effective commercial. A product with good qualities,
pricing strategies and packaging, but not properly advertised will die a premature death.
One of the biggest advantages of using television is the fact that it provides a lasting image in
the memories of the consumers through its visual effect.
Television commercial has intimate approach due to which it becomes more appealing and
attracts the attention and interest of people, as it combines elements such as: sight, sound and
Television breaks the barrier of illiteracy as due to its combination of sight, sound and
motion, understanding the message becomes easier, whereas with the print media like
newspapers and magazines, readers have to put a lot of efforts on reading and understanding
the message which may not be possible for illiterates.
1:2 Statement of the Problem
Commercial is like any other promotional techniques. It informs, persuades and reminds. It
can change the consumers’ beliefs, attitudes, image and behaviour, but for commercial to be
effective enough and successful on any level, enormous expenditure and other tasking duties
The task of this study is therefore to know how has NTA Enugu commercials on Malta
Guinness has helped in increasing the demand for Malta Guinness.
1:3 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study were as follow:
1) To determine the perception of consumers’ towards NTA Enugu commercials for
2) To examine if the consumers of Malta Guinness have reacted positively towards NTA
3) To determine if NTA Enugu commercials has impacted on consumers of Malta
1:4 Research Questions
1) What is the perception of consumers’ towards NTA Enugu commercials on Malta
2) To what extent have consumers’ of Malta Guinness reacted positively towards NTA
3) What is the impact of NTA Enugu commercial on consumers’ of Malta Guinness?
1:5 Research Hypotheses
H1: Consumers have shown positive reaction towards NTA Enugu commercials on Malta
1:6 Scope and the Limitation of Study
This research is restricted to the specific issue of impact of NTA Enugu commercials on
consumers’ demand for Malta Guinness in Enugu.
The reason for the restriction is because of limited time available for the submission of the
project, and the cost implications in covering the geographical areas outside Enugu state.
1:7 Significance of Study
Manufacturers in Nigeria set aside a huge part of their budget for promotional activities on
commercials. The reason for doing this is to make sure that their companies achieve the target
profit through increase in turnover.
This study shows the impact of commercial on consumer demands for products, and will
enable manufacturers know the effect of the huge sum spent on commercial has on the
demand for their product.
The study is also important as it shows how commercials can be used as a marketing strategy
to re-introduce a product which has already reached its declining life span.
1:8 Operational Definitions of Significant Terms
Impact: is the powerful effect that something has on somebody or something.
Commercial: is a sponsored advertisement on radio or television. It is a paid advertisement
on television or radio; it is a public promotion of some products or services. A television
commercial is presented in form of a short documentary.
Consumer demand: a consumer is someone who can make the decision whether or not to
purchase an item at the store and someone who can be influenced by marketing and
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