Nutritional analysis was carried out on Musa spp. The result of the proximate analysis showed the following moisture (24.50%), ash (9.64%). Crude protein (7.16%), crude fat (2.26%), crude fibre (14.76%) and carbohydrate (41.68%), Vitamin c (10.98%) and qualitative analysis of phytochemial content which showed that alkaloids is the highest, followed by tannin and others are trace. The mineral content in the pulp are: Zinc (333mg/kg), calcium (176mg/kg), magnesium (81.60mg/kg), copper (25.00mg/kg), potassium (16.2mg/kg), Iron (5.4mg/kg), sodium (3.08mg/kg) and phosphorous (0.26mglga). these results shows that banana is a good source of food for normal body function.
Background of the study
Banana is the common name for moncorapic flowering plants of the genus Musa, for the species Ensete Ventricoum, and for the fruit they produce. Bananas do not grown on trees the banana plant in classified as an arbores cent (tree-like) perennial herb and the banana itself is actually considered a berry. The correct name for bunch of banana is a hand of banana a single banana is a finger. one banana contains 467mg of potassium providing powerful protection to the cardiovascular system. Regular consumption of the potassium packed fruit helps gauds against high blood pressure, atherosclerosis and stroke. Although banana do not contain high amounts of calcium they do supply the body with an abundance of fructooligosucchairde a probiotic substance (one which encourages probioties, the friendly bacteria in the digestive system). As fructooligosaccharides a probiotic substance (one which encourages probiotics, the friendly bacteria in the digestive system).As fructooligosaccharides ferment in the digestive trace, they enhance the body’s ability to abort calcium.
Banana fruit is one of the high calorie tropical fruits . 100g of fruit provides 90 calories. Besides, it contains goods amounts of health benefiting anti-oxidants, minerals and vitamins. Banana pulp is composed of soft, easily digestible flesh with simple sugars like fructose and sucrose that when eaten replenishes energy and banana are being used by athletes to get intend energy and as supplement food in the treatment plan for underweight children. The fruit contains a good amount of soluble dietary fiber (7% of DRA per 100g) that helps normal bowel movements: there by reducing constipation problems.
It contains health promoting flavonoid poly-phenolic antioxidants such as lutein, in small amounts. These compound help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-drived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (Ros) that play a role in aging and various disease processes.
It is also a very good source of vitamin- B6 (phridoxine) provides about 28% of daily-recommended allowance. Phridoxine is an important B-complex vitamin that has a beneficial role for the treatment of neuritis and anemia. Banana is also a source of vitamin .C. (about 8.7mg per 100g). consumption of foods rich in vitamin .C. helps the body develop resistance against infections agents and scavenge harmful oxygen-free radicals. Fresh bananas provide adequate levels of minerals like copper, magnesium and manganese is essential for bone strengthening and has a cardiac-protective role as well. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, super oxide dismatase. Fortin, (2006)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Despite the availability of banana in Nigeria and other parts of the world no published information is available on the proximate, mineral, vitamin and photochemical composition of the banana pulp. This lead to the study to identify and pusblish the nutritional value of banana.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study is to identify the nutritional components of banana.
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The study will to know the nutritional value of banana. It will also help to know the healthy effect of the medicinal value of banana. Also to know if banana is toxic to the body at contain level of consumption.
All project works, files and documents posted on this website, projects.ng are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and the works are crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). Projects.ng is a repository of research works just like academia.edu, researchgate.net, scribd.com, docsity.com, coursehero and many other platforms where users upload works. The paid subscription on projects.ng is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here, and you want it to be removed/credited, please call us on +2348159154070 or send us a mail together with the web address link to the work, to firstname.lastname@example.org. We will reply to and honor every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 - 48 hours to process your request.