PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF PRINTING PRESSES IN NIGERIA: (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI PRINTING PRESS)

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  • Name: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF PRINTING PRESSES IN NIGERIA: (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI PRINTING PRESS)
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ABSTRACT

This research study is on the topic Printing Press in Nigeria, Problem and Prospect, a case study of University of Maiduguri Printing Press. The study revealed the evolution of printing press in Nigeria, a brief history of University of Maiduguri printing press and the services it renders to its community was highlighted. The study also revealed the general problems that hinder the development of printing press under study five objectives and five questions guided the conduct of the study. Recommendations were provided in order to enhance the services of the printing press. It was discovered the printing press is of paramount importance to the various communities in Borno state and therefore need urgent attention from the university administration. 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        i

Certification         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Dedication –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii

Acknowledgement –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv

Abstract      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vi

Table of Contents          –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        1

1.1     Background of the study         –        –        –        –        –        –        1

1.1.1  Advantages of Printing over Traditional    –        –        –        2

1.1.2  The Evolution of Printing in Nigeria          –        –        –        –        6

1.1.3  Brief History of the University of Maiduguri Printing Press   7

1.2     Statement of the Problem        –        –        –        –        –        9

1.3     Objective of the Study   –        –        –        –        –        –        9

1.4     Research Question         –        –        –        –        –        –        10

1.5     The Significance of the Study –        –        –        –        –        11

1.6     Scope and Limitation     –        –        –        –        –        –        11

1.7     Operation Definition      –        –        –        –        –        –        12

Reference              –        –        –        –        –        –        –        13

 

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Introduction        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        14

2.1     Factors that contributed to the establishment of the University of   Maiduguri Printing Press       –        –        –        –        –        –        16

2.2     Factors or method that contributed to the growth or otherwise                          of University of Maiduguri pitting press        –        –        –        17

2.3     Types of Printing Services Provided by the University of

Maiduguri Printing Press         –        –        –        –        –        20

2.4     Problems Faced by the Printing Press        –        –        –        –        23

References –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        27

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Introduction         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        29

3.1     Research Design   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        29

3.2     Population and Sample –        –        –        –        –        –        30

3.3     Research Instruments    –        –        –        –        –        –        30

3.3.1  Interview    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        31

3.3.2  Questionnaire       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        31

3.3.3  Observation         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        31

3.4     Procedure of Data Collection –        –        –        –        –        32

3.5     Method of Data Analysis        –        –        –        –        –        –        32

References –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        33

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Data Presentation and Analysis        –        –        –        –        –        34

4.1     Analysis of Data –        –        –        –        –        –        –        34

4.2     Finding of the Study      –        –        –        –        –        –        43

4.3     Discussion –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        44

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        47

5.2     Conclusion –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        48

5.3     Recommendation –        –        –        –        –        –        –        49

Bibliography        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        51

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

This chapter basically provide a general views of what the research work entails what is to be investigated and to analyse the problems and prospects of the University of Maiduguri Printing Press. Encyclopedia Americana (2007) defines printing as “The art and technology of reproducing words and pictures on papers cloth or other surfaces”. Although, there is considerable variation n printing methods, printing typically involves a printing press that transfers an image from a printing plate or similar images scanning surface to the materials being printed.

1.1     Background of the Study

          Books before and after the Gutenberg Bible.

In a similar vein, Clem J. and Link P. (2006) explain that, the printed product created by the digital press required less setup for production than traditional printing method. For appropriately 4,500 years before Gutenberg invented the printing press books were produced by hand. They were written on surfaces of clay tablets, Papyrus, wax, and parchment. Lawbook, works of philosophy and science, great comedies and tragedies were all pains takingly copied and all too often lost through war and neglect. The invention of the movable types and the printing of the Gutenberg Bible, however, completely revolutionalized the accessibility of knowledge in the western world.

The spread of Gutenberg new technology was rapid, leading to an increase in the availability of books, the standardization of grammar and spelling in languages other than Latin, and sharing of arts and technology.

Afolabi, (2008) in his analysis of the effect of technology on the printing media industry in Nigeria noted that, technological changes in the industry have been spurred by printing buyers demand for high quality colour reproduction, before and contemporary with the Gutembergs Bible, and comparing them to printed sources from 50-100 years later, students were beginning to learn about the historical and cultural context of the technology of writing and importance of John Gutembergs invention.

Subtractive manufacturing is the process of beginning with more materials than is needed and selectively removing what is not required until the final shape emerges this process is easily explained by using marble sculptures of the famous artise, Michelengelo (1976) as an example when asked by the Pope how he made his statue of David so beautifully life like, he replied “I simply remove everything that doesn’t look like David”. This is the basic principles of substantive manufacturing, on the other hand, is the process of producing objects by adding only what is needed, along with any support materials required. The most common way to do this is by placing very thin layers of materials on top of one another to stock up and form the final objects like layers of a cake. This process dramatically reduces the time, cost and waste produced from its subtractive competitor, and allows much more efficient production process.

Printing: Funk and Wagals standards dictionary (1968) examine printing as the act of processing or the business of producing books, newspapers or periodicals by impression from words or other matter in printed form. It is concerned with making impression, mark through the use of types.

1.1.1  Advantages of Printing over Traditional

R, AND, D, Prototyping and Testing

Digital printing, NAPLP. 9 and Talcott, J. (2004) stated that, this is one of the biggest and most immediate advantages of using additive contraction techniques is the ability to create a limited number of test designs and models. To previously create these promise versions of products would have been a time consuming and costly process. This also greatly reduces the time spent developing new products, not to mention the amount people needed to fabricate a new concepts into a working prototypes.

 

Reduction in Production Waste

By the nature of how it works (using only what is needed), additive manufacturing greatly reduces the waste incurred by traditional tooling methods. When les waste materials is produced, not only are less raw materials used but the need to remove, transport and discard waste by products, is reduced to a bare minimum, as tool is the carbon foot print.

Spare Parts and Repairs

With any physical products there will be a need to have a stock file of spare parts to allow consumers and professionals to repair their products in the event they break or are damaged. The cost of producing storing and distributing these spare parts can be enormous, but with home manufacturing, spare parts could be down loaded and made at home the cost is reduced greatly by efficiently supporting spare, as only the parts needed would ever be made.

Final Fabrication and Distribution

For now, short run and individual products can be fabricated without the need of building a new assembly line or tooling machines which greatly reducing the cost of these smaller scale productions.

 

A Change of Business Model

Kiphhen, H. (2001) says that, the traditional printing companies have to release their products lines and continually ask themselves pertinent questions. What new computer based product will sell in todays market? How much should be invested? Who are the audience and how can they be reached? The answers to these questions will determine the winners and losers in the new information environment specifically Nigeria printers must start to view and position themselves as print communication providers rather than print commodity manufacturers. In other words, Nigeria printer must continuously redefine their business in order to prosper in the future. In very practical terms, it means print media operators must be more innovative and take a broader view of their business.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

This research work focuses on the problems and prospect of printing press in Nigeria with particular reference to university of Maiduguri printing press, since the inception of the press in 1982. It has not shown any significant development in terms of productivity.

This study therefore sought to investigate the factors that inhibited the printing press from maximal performance as is expected of a printing press of that nature. At the end of the study suggestion will be proper which if Implemented will bring about improvement in the production capacity of the company.

1.3     Objective of the Study

The primary objective of the study are as follows:

  • To find out the factors that contributed to the establishment of the university of Maiduguri printing press.
  • To identify the factors that contributed to the growth or otherwise of university of Maiduguri printing press.
  • To investigate the types of service provided by the University of Maiduguri printing press.
  • To identify the problems faced by the printing press.
  • To offer possible solution to the printing press.

1.4     Research Question

The research questions are as follow:

  • What are the factors that necessitated the establishment of the university of Maiduguri printing press.
  • What are the services provided by university of Maiduguri printing press?
  • What are the factors that contributed to the growth of the university of Maiduguri printing press?
  • What are the problems militating against university of Maiduguri printing press?
  • What are the possible ways through which such problems can be reduced to the bearer minimum?

1.5     The Significance of the Study

This project on completion will serve as a guide to the university of Maiduguri authority and researchers who want to conduct research on similar topic associated with printing press in Nigeria particularly that of university of Maiduguri printing press.

It will also enlighten the readers on what printing means, how and why it come into being and its economically contribution to the institution and also government at large. The study is useful to the society and researcher to know more about printing press. Finally it will enable the printing press under study to identify areas of weakness and provide solutions to the problems faced by the university of Maiduguri printing press.

1.6     Scope and Limitation

The scope of this research work covers the problems and prospect of printing press and it is limited to the university of Maiduguri printing press only. It study tried to view the developmental stages of the printing press from the inception to date.

1.7     Operation Definition

Printing: Printing is a process for production of text and images, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. It is also a process of producing written, matter or pictures, such as books, magazines or newspapers by stamping ink or dye from movable type, plate, or blocks.

Printing Press: This refer to a machines that transfers lettering or images by contact with various forms of inked surface auto paper or similar materials fed into in various ways the device is used for printing many copies of a text on paper.

Industry: This is a section of an economic that is concerned with manufacturing of goods.

Printing Press: It is defined as any group of factories engaged in some types of publications and which employs the some process of production.

 

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