The Project File Details
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Value Added Tax on the Nigerian economy as it relates to how it can improve government revenue and throws more light in its contribution to the economic growth and development of Nigeria. A review of literature relating to the impact, administration and collection of VAT in Nigeria was elucidated and questionnaires and oral interview were distributed. A Simple percentage table presentation and chi-square were used to analyze and interpret on which random sampling techniques was adopted. The finding shows that:
A conclusion was drawn after the findings and the study strongly recommends that:
Key words: Value Added Tax (VAT)
Title page —————————————————————————–i
List of tables ————————————————————————vi
List of figures ———————————————————————-vii
List of appendix ——————————————————————–vi
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1 Value Added tax in Nigeria ——————————————————-8
2.2 Conceptual analysis of Value Added Tax ————————————–9
2.3 Nature and Administrative structure of Value Added Tax ————–10
2.4 Impact of Value Added Tax in Nigeria —————————————11
2.5 Functions of Federal Inland Revenue Service——————————-14
2.6 Aims of Value Added Tax in Nigeria ——————————————-15
2.7 Features of a good Value Added Tax system ——————————–15
2.8 Advantages and Disadvantages of VAT————————————–16
2.9 Registration of VAT in Nigeria ————————————————17
2.10 Remittance of VAT, Rate and Types of VAT ——————————–18
2.11 Accounting for VAT ————————————————————–20
2.12 Exempted and Zero rated items————————————————22
2.13 Taxable goods and services covered by VAT ——————————-22
2.14 Goods and services exempted from tax ————————————-24
2.15 Offence and penalties under VAT———————————————25
3.1 Introduction ————————————————————————27
3.2 Research design ——————————————————————-27
3.3 Population ————————————————————————–27
3.4 Sample size ————————————————————————27
3.5 Data collection techniques —————————————————–28
3.6 Data analysis techniques ——————————————————–28
3.7 Justification of the methods and techniques ——————————29
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction ————————————————————————30
4.2 Data presentation and analysis ———————————————–30
4.3 Test of Hypothesis —————————————————————–35
4.4 Discussion of findings ————————————————————42
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary —————————————————————————-43
5.2 Conclusion —————————————————————————43
All economies, whether developed or developing require some degree of government intervention with a view to facilitating economic growth and development in their domains. This is particularly so as certain essential goods and services such as education, security, electricity, water and health facilities among others are mostly provided by the government. However, in providing these goods and services government has to source funds (revenue) from various sources including taxation, Ogundele (1996). New form of taxes are selectively being introduced particularly by the developing countries so as to boost their revenue earning capacity with the aim of ensuring rapid economic growth and development of their countries. The Value Added Tax (VAT) is one of such taxes recently initiated by governments to raise revenue for smooth government operations.
Value Added Tax (VAT) in Nigeria is a Federal Government tax, which is administered using the existing machinery of the Federal Inland Revenue Services (FIRS). VAT has a directorate within the frame work of the Federal Inland Revenue Services (FIRS) with the head office in Abuja. VAT is a consumption tax at each stage of the consumption chain and is borne by final consumer. It requires a taxable person upon registering with the Federal Board of Inland Revenue to charge and collect VAT at a flat rate of 5% on all vatable goods and services. The registration of Value Added Tax (VAT) is to cover all the business activities of the vatable persons. Therefore all domestic manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, importers and suppliers of goods and services in Nigeria are expected to register for VAT within six months after the commencement of the decree or six months from the commencement of business, whichever is earlier. Vat in Nigeria were created as replacement or substitution for the sales taxes that were in operation before. They were imposed on all goods that were manufactured in the country as well as goods that had been made outside the country and were selling there. Value Added Tax (VAT) seems to be the best among other types of taxes. It is against this background that we are going to analyze VAT and to see the impact it has on the nation‘s economy.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Value Added Tax has become important source of revenue to the Nigerian Government (both Federal and state level). The Federal government of Nigeria intends increasing percentage of VAT imposed on goods and services because of its relevance to income base and economic growth and development through a shift from direct tax regime to indirect tax regime anchored on consumption, in accordance with best global practice, to achieve stable non-oil revenue flow and to lower companies income and personal income tax. But the citizens’ perceptions are different (such as: too much burden on the final consumers, inflation, and a rise in fuel pump price to mention). This popular opinion of majority of Nigerian citizens has made it pertinent to carry out a research to examine the impact of VAT on the economic development of Nigeria. Thus, there is need to understand with empirical facts the impact of VAT on the economic development of Nigeria from year 2000 to 2017.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The main objective of this study is to ascertain whether Value Added Tax has impact on economic development of Nigeria. Specific objectives include:
Ho1: Value Added Tax does not have positive impact on the Nigerian economy
Ho2: Value Added Tax does not have any influence on government capital expenditure
Ho3: Payment of (VAT) has not improved the prospects of business, organizations and industries in Nigeria.
Ho4: There are no challenges confronting the implementation and administration of Value Added Tax in Nigeria
The research is particularly interested in the effect of Value Added Tax on Nigerian economy with reference to the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) Abuja. The data collected was restricted to FIRS, business registered and non-registered, consumers and wholesalers within Abuja, hence the findings of the study was generalized to cover VAT activities within Abuja.
This study will be of great importance to the government by highlighting the effect of VAT on the economic development of Nigeria. This study will also help in shaping and providing a better understanding to citizenries on how VAT is charged and its contribution to the economy. More so, it will help other researchers to carry out further research from this.
The researcher encountered a lot of hindrance and problems in the course of carrying out this research work. Among the major problems are the difficulties in getting and gathering information and others which include the following:
All project works, files and documents posted on this website, projects.ng are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and the works are crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). Projects.ng is a repository of research works just like academia.edu, researchgate.net, scribd.com, docsity.com, coursehero and many other platforms where users upload works. The paid subscription on projects.ng is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here, and you want it to be removed/credited, please call us on +2348159154070 or send us a mail together with the web address link to the work, to [email protected] We will reply to and honor every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 – 48 hours to process your request.