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The Project File Details
The study was conducted to investigate the extent of availability of
computer systems and accessories for effective teaching and learning
in senior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area.
The population of the study consisted of two hundred and forty
teachers and students in senior secondary school in Enugu North
L.G.A simple Survey research was used for the research design and
simple random sampling techniques were used to select the subject
for the study which is one hundred and forty (140) were administered,
( 120) were returned duly completed while twenty (20) were not
returned. Four (4) research questions guided the study. The
questionnaire was used in data analysis. A mean of 2.50 and above
was adopted as a cut of mark for the acceptance of items. The result
findings showed that the computer systems and accessories for
teaching and learning computer science in schools, are largely
unavailable. Based on this, some implications of the study and
recommendations were made.
i. Title Page———————————–i
i. Approval page—————————-ii
iv. Table of content————————–v
Background of the study—————-1
Statement of problem——————–5
Purpose of the study———————7
Significance of the study—————7
Definition of Terms
Review of the related literature——————–10
Teaching Methods ————————————13
Case Method ——————————————15
Exposure to Student Practical Knowledge of Computer System——–16
Maintenance of available computer system and their accessories in
Summary of the review. ——————————–18
Design of the Study ————————————20
Area of the Study —————————————21
Population of the Study———————————21
Sample and Sampling Techniques———————21
Instrument for Data Collection. ————————21
Validity of the instrument. ——————————22
Method of Data Collection. ——————————22
Method of data analysis———————————-23
Presentation and data analysis. ————————–25
Research Question 1————————————–25
Research Question 2—————————————27
Research question 3————————————–28
Research question 4————————————–30
Discussion of Findings———————————–33
Implications of Findings———————————–36
Limitation of the Study————————————–38
Suggestion for Further Study.——————————–38
Appendix A – Letter of the respondent———————41
B – Personal Data———————————-42
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
The best approach to effect study of computer depends
on the extent of the practical aspect of teaching computer.
The aspect of this study has to do with the availability of
computer system and their accessories. Aneke I.C. (2005).
Computer system is a programmable machine which
responds to a specific set of instruction in a well defined
manner. It can execute a pre – recorded list of instruction ( a
program). The place of computer in education, like in any
fields of human endeavor, has assumed an unimaginable
dimension. Today, computers are used in various ways for
teaching and learning in schools at various levels. Computes
can now guide a learner through a course of instructions at a
video display unit in such a manner that will facilitate the
understanding of subject matter. This process helps to speed
up the students learning process. This practice, unlike the
case of human teacher gives the opportunity to re – learn
any aspect of the subject matter as many times as he/she
cleans it necessary. This process of learning is called
computer – assisted learning (CAL). Computer can also
provide instructions to students, ask them questions (usually
multiple choice question) mark the students responses,
grade their performance and determine by itself whether to
take the students to take the students to next level of study
or repeat the previous portion of the lecture just concluded
based on the students performance. This process of learning
is called computer aided instruction (CAI). Apart from
instructional programs, computers also make a lot of impacts
I provision of educational materials. Computer transform
school libraries into new information service unit. Through
virtual library one oleos not need to go from one library to
another in search of library materials. With just a press of
button (keys on computer keyboard) or a click on the mouse
the information will be at the disposal of the intended user.
According to Aneke, accessories are those devices which are
useful, helpful to the operation of computer. E.g. keyboard,
scanner, printers, mouse, monitors etc.
Extent through which these accessories are seen
in the tab is the major aim of these studies. Unavailability of
computer accessories are of the problem facing Nigerian
students at Enugu North in particular. In this sense that the
hardly make use of the system due to non installation of
these accessories in the computer. In other to maintain the of
32nd ministerial council meeting of the national council of
education in 1987, which is to set-up computer study at the
secondary school level. These accessories must be available
to an extent that is to say that installation of accessories will
enhance the smooth running of programs for the betterment
of the students learning. This research work will provide
necessary steps to the secondary schools and steps for
maintance of the available computer system and
Statement of problem
The researcher wishes to find the extent of
availability of computer system in secondary school, in
Enugu north by finding out of the number of computer
system in the school will be enough for the student at the
course of practical and the availability of the computer
accessories In other to enhance effective program running in
the system for the purpose of this work. The researcher has
put some question to enable them set information at the
course of the investigation. Computer system is the best
approach to the studding of practical’s in computer
education, why are there less computer system in the
computer system in the computer lab of the school?
Accessories are those devices which are useful,
helpful to the operation of computer, why is it that the
accessories are not available in the computer lab?
Purpose of the study
The study was designed to find out the extent of
availability of computer system and their accessories for
effective teaching and learning in senior secondary schools
under Enugu north local Government Area. The major aim of
this research work was to find out:
1. The extent of availability of computer systems and their
accessories for effective teaching and learning of
2. The methods used by the teachers in their teaching.
3. How often are the learners exposed to practical knowledge of
4. The extent of maintance of available computer system and their
accessories in schools.
Significance of the study
The study is expected to bring out results and
good information on the extent of availability of computer
system and their accessories for effective teaching and
learning of computer science in senior secondary schools
under Enugu north education zone. The findings of this
study will be of benefits to students, teachers, and
educational administrators. The students may stand to
benefit when the computer system and their accessories
are available in the lab for practical in order to enhance
effective teaching and learning. The teachers work will be
made easier when instructional material are adequate and
upgrade following stored information in the computer. This
materials is of benefits to educational administrators to
achieve their objectives which is to set-up computer study
at the secondary school level as to well as devising clear
strategies and technologies to be used by the federal and
state government in introducing computer education in
Nigeria. This strategy includes:
Training teachers and associate personnel.
Software development and evaluation
Maintance of hardware and peripherals
Scope of the study
This study s meant to discover the extent of
availability of computer systems and their accessories in
senior secondary schools within Enugu North Local
Government Area. The accessories expected to be seen in
the schools include:
Input devices such as keyboard, mouse etc.
Output devices such as monitors, scanner,
Installation of software including system and
Equipped computer lab.
For the purpose of this study, the researcher has proposed
the following research questions.
1. To what extent are computer systems and accessories
available in schools?
2. What teaching method are used for teaching computer science?
3. To what extent are the learners exposed to practical computer
4. To what extent are the computer systems maintained for effective
teaching and learning?
Definition of Terms
Computer: It is the electronic device that accepts data as an input and
processes them electronically to produce the desired output or information
with the aid of a set of instructions.
Accessories: Are those computer devices that are useful, helpful to the
operations of the computer.
Program: A program is a set of instructions that informs the computer on
what to do and how to do that.
Software: Is a collective term that refers to a group of related programs that
directs the computer on what to do and how to do such a thing.
Hardware: Is a collective term that refers to all the physical components of
the computer that can be seen or touched.
Peripherals: Are the computer devices that are connected to the central
processing unit via cables or cords.
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