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The Project File Details
Title page i
Certification Page ii
Approval Page iii
Table of Contents vii
List of figures x
List of tables xi
Chapter 1: Introduction 1
1.0 Background of Study 1
1.1 Statement of the Problem 2
1.2 Objectives 3
1.3 Significance of the Project 4
Chapter 2: Literature Review 6
2.0 Introduction 6
2.1 Theoretical Background 8
2.2 Review of Related Literature 10
2.2.1 Function of Automated library System 13
2.2.2 Challenges facing Automating Libraries in Nigeria 14
Chapter 3: System Analysis and Design 16
3.0 Introduction 16
3.0.1 Information Gathering 16
3.1 Description of existing system 17
3.1.1 Problems of existing system 17
3.2 Analysis of proposed system 18
3.2.1 Advantages of proposed system 18
3.3 Design of proposed system 19
3.3.1 Usecase Diagram 19
3.3.2 Database Design 21
Chapter 4: System Implementation 24
4.0 Introduction 24
4.1 Implementation Technology 24
4.1.1 Graphical Interface 24
4.2 Implementation Architecture 26
4.2.1 Hardware Requirement 26
4.2.2 Software Requirement 26
4.3 Software Testing 27
4.4 Documentation 28
4.4.1 User Manual 32
4.4.2 Source Code Listing 33
Chapter 5: Summary and Conclusion 34
5.0 Summary 34
5.1 Conclusion 34
5.2 Recommendation 34
Figure 2.1 Sample HTML code 9
Figure 2.2 Sample CSS code 9
Figure 2.3 Sample PHP code 10
Figure 3.1 Use case diagram for a Library Management system 20
Figure 4.1 Screenshot of login page 28
Figure 4.2 Screenshot of student index page 28
Figure 4.3 Screenshot of student borrow book page 29
Figure 4.4 Screenshot of student fine page 29
Figure 4.5 Screenshot of admin index page 30
Figure 4.6 Screenshot of admin add book page 30
Figure 4.7 Screenshot of admin add student page 31
Figure 4.8 Screenshot of admin borrowed book page 31
Figure 4.9 Screenshot of admin fine page 32
LIST OF TABLES
Table 3.1 Table showing fields in the student table in the database 21
Table 3.2 Table showing fields in the book table in the database 22
Table 3.3 Table showing fields in the admin table in the database 22
Table 3.4 Table showing fields in the borrow table in the database 23
Library Management System refers to an application that is specifically designed to manage generally small and medium size libraries and to help mainly those in charge of the library at that particular time to help maintain and keep tracks of library users and books.
Library Management System as an application is mainly used by librarian to manage the library using a computerized system where he/she can record various transactions like issue of books, return of books, addition of new books, addition of new students etc.
Books and student maintenance modules are also included in this system which would keep track of the students using the library and also a detailed description about the books a library contains. With this computerized system there will be no loss of book record or member record which generally happens when a non-computerized system is used.
In addition, report module is also included in Library Management System. If user’s position is admin, the user is able to generate different kinds of reports like lists of students registered, list of books, issue and return reports.
All these modules are able to help librarian to manage the library with more convenience and in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are not computerized.
A majority of libraries in Nigeria are found in research centers, private and public institutions of learning. Public universities have the highest volumes of books, journals, research papers, and other collections. The libraries are set up with the main aim of been used by both the students, teachers, lecturers and staff members within the institution. There is a collected effort by the library management to restructure their services so as to extend them to other outsiders other than the normal users. Many of the libraries are coming up with information resource centers in the spirit of embracing technology.
Library Management System supports the general requirement of the library such as the acquisition, cataloging, circulation and other sections. Before the advent of computer in modern age there were different methods of keeping records in the library. Records were kept in the library on shelves and each shelf was labeled in an alphabetical or numerical order, in which the categories of books available were arranged on different position on the shelves and as well were recorded on the library manuscript and when any book is to be referenced the manuscript is being referred to, to know the position of such required book by the person that requested for the book. After the invention of computer different researchers carried out various approaches on an automated library management system in which this project is as well all about.
This online library management system was developed to solve the major drawbacks that faced people responsible for the general managing of small or large libraries who were using the existing systems.
The problem occurred before having computerized system includes:
When computerized system is not implemented files could get missing, sometimes due to some human error there may be a loss of records.
Online library will save us a great deal since physical interference is greatly reduced due to the nature of the digital world and thus files in the library is safer than ever before.
When there is no computerized system there is always a difficulty in searching of records, especially if the records are large in number.
After the number of records become large the space for physical storage of file and records also increases if no computerized system is implemented.
As there is no computerized system to add each record paper will be needed which will increase the cost for the management of library.
Computerized system has the ability to work at a faster rate than a non computerized system. As such more time is needed to record where there is no computerized system.
The aims and objectives are as follows:
This system improves services delivered to end users. Data is saved in the most appropriate manner eliminating duplication and redundancy. Multiple users can access the system at the same time. The system operates electronically hence ensures less space is occupied and also presents a paperless working environment. Library staff members are motivated by the system since it makes work easier. The system has a friendly user interface which is attractive and easy to use.
This study will be beneficial to the following:
Other Library Staffs: The study would increase the productivity of theses staff,as they would spend time doing important things and with ease.