The Project File Details
This book contains a vivid explanation of what personal hygiene is and what role it has to play towards achieving a healthy life. It pin-points what personal hygiene entails and the disadvantages and diseases that would arise due to personal unhygienic practices. It also contains important and proper personal hygienic practices and serves as a guide to how one can improve his/her personal hygiene.
Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) “Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain and prevent the spread of diseases.” (www.worldhealth.com)
Personal hygiene is practices performed individually to protect one’s health and make one’s life healthy. According to World Health Organization (WHO) around 1.1 billion people globally do not have access to improved water supply sources, whereas 2.4 billion people do not have access to any kind of improved sanitation facility. About 2 million people die every year due to diarrheal diseases, most of whom are children less than 5 years of age. The most affected are the population in developing countries living in extreme conditions of poverty, normally peri-urban dwellers or rural inhabitants.
Among the main factors which are responsible for this situation are; lack of priority given to the sector (Health), lack of financial resources, lack of sustainability of water supply and sanitation services, poor hygiene behaviours and inadequate sanitation in homes and public places such as hospitals, health centers and schools. Providing access to sufficient quantities of safe water, the provision of facilities for a sanitary disposal of excreta and introducing sound hygiene behaviours are of capital importance to reduce the burden of diseases caused by these risk factors.
Personal hygiene is therefore a measure taken at individual level to promote personal cleanliness so that transmission of diseases from source to susceptible hosts is prevented.