PREVALENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AND ITS CO-INFECTION WITH SALMONELLA SPECIES AMONG PUPILS IN JABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL ON PREVALENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AND ITS CO-INFECTION WITH SALMONELLA SPECIES AMONG PUPILS IN JABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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  • Name: PREVALENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AND ITS CO-INFECTION WITH SALMONELLA SPECIES AMONG PUPILS IN JABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
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ABSTRACT

Urinary schistosomiasis and Salmonella bacteraemia are increasing health burdens
among African children. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of urinary
schistosomiasisand its co-infection with Salmonella species amongst pupils in Jaba
LGA, Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of 505 pupils voluntarily participated in the
study.Ten (10) ml urine and 2ml blood samples were collected from each pupil. The
urine samples were examined microscopically for Schistosoma haematobium egg(s)
while count/10ml of urine was recorded. Packed cell volume was determined. Blood
and urine samples were pre-enriched in Selenite-F broth and Brilliant Green Bile broth
and culturedon Salmonella ShigellaAgar and Xylose-Lysine-Desoxycholate.Results
were subjected statisticalanalyses at P=0.05.Overall prevalence of urinary
schistosomiasis was 12.3%. There was absence ofSalmonellaspecies from all the
samples, hence no co-infection of Schistosoma haematobium and Salmonella spp. All
the blood cultures had no bacterial growth but seven different Gram-negative bacteria
were isolated from the urine samples. Urinary schistosomiasis was most prevalent in
villages: Bitaro (23.2%),Ankun (22.2%) and Kwoi (20.3%). There was higher
occurrence of urinary schistosomiasis among the female (15.5%) than in the male pupils
(9.1%).Mean intensity in the female pupils (4.18±1.202eggs/10ml) was significantly
higher (P≤0.05) compared to 1.22±0.500eggs/10ml in the male. Pupils within 4-6 years
were not infected,but those within 13-15 years had the highest prevalence of 27.9%
withmean intensity of 9.97±3.915eggs/10ml of urine. Prevalence of anaemia was 8.1%.
Painful micturition, red-colouredurine, ‗Fadama‘ farming and anaemia were statistically
associated with urinary schistosomiasis(P ≤ 0.05, OR >1).There was no awareness of
schistosomiasisamong the study population. From this study, the female pupils
weremore infected with urinary schistosomiasis in Jaba LGA of Kaduna State, Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE

Urinary schistosomiasis and Salmonella bacteraemia are increasing health burdens
among African children. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of urinary
schistosomiasisand its co-infection with Salmonella species amongst pupils in Jaba
LGA, Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of 505 pupils voluntarily participated in the
study.Ten (10) ml urine and 2ml blood samples were collected from each pupil. The
urine samples were examined microscopically for Schistosoma haematobium egg(s)
while count/10ml of urine was recorded. Packed cell volume was determined. Blood
and urine samples were pre-enriched in Selenite-F broth and Brilliant Green Bile broth
and culturedon Salmonella ShigellaAgar and Xylose-Lysine-Desoxycholate.Results
were subjected statisticalanalyses at P=0.05.Overall prevalence of urinary
schistosomiasis was 12.3%. There was absence ofSalmonellaspecies from all the
samples, hence no co-infection of Schistosoma haematobium and Salmonella spp. All
the blood cultures had no bacterial growth but seven different Gram-negative bacteria
were isolated from the urine samples. Urinary schistosomiasis was most prevalent in
villages: Bitaro (23.2%),Ankun (22.2%) and Kwoi (20.3%). There was higher
occurrence of urinary schistosomiasis among the female (15.5%) than in the male pupils
(9.1%).Mean intensity in the female pupils (4.18±1.202eggs/10ml) was significantly
higher (P≤0.05) compared to 1.22±0.500eggs/10ml in the male. Pupils within 4-6 years
were not infected,but those within 13-15 years had the highest prevalence of 27.9%
withmean intensity of 9.97±3.915eggs/10ml of urine. Prevalence of anaemia was 8.1%.
Painful micturition, red-colouredurine, ‗Fadama‘ farming and anaemia were statistically
associated with urinary schistosomiasis(P ≤ 0.05, OR >1).There was no awareness of
schistosomiasisamong the study population. From this study, the female pupils
weremore infected with urinary schistosomiasis in Jaba LGA of Kaduna State, Nigeria

 

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