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The Project File Details
Background to the Study
Teaching practice experience is an important component of becoming a teacher. It grants student-teachers experience in the actual teaching and learning environment (Ngidi & Sibaya, 2013; Perry, 2014). During teaching practice, a student-teacher is given the opportunity to try the art of teaching in his field of study be it in computer science or any other subject before actually getting into the real world of the teaching profession (Kasanda, 2011). Student-teachers also know the value of teaching practice as remarked by Menter (2010). According to Menter, they perceive it as ‘the crux of their preparation for the teaching profession’ since it provides for the ‘real interface’ between student hood and membership of the profession.
As a result, challenges in teaching practice create a mixture of anticipation, anxiety, excitement and apprehension in the student-teachers as they commence their teaching practice (Manion, Keith, Morrison & Cohen, 2013; Perry, 2014). Teaching practice experience enables a student-teacher to integrated science concepts in a manner free of the restrictions imposed by the arbitrary subject boundaries of the separate sciences. It has a dynamic process approach to the teaching and learning of science. As noted by Marais and Meier (2014) teaching practice in this area at times possesses a challenging but an important part of teacher training, especially in developing countries such as Nigeria, where the effectiveness of the teaching practice can be diminished or eroded by a range of challenges, such as geographical distance, low and uneven levels of teacher expertise, a wide-ranging lack of resources as well as a lack of discipline among a wide cross-section of learners and educators. These challenges, if not addressed, may affect student-teachers’ performance during teaching practice and may in the long run affect their perception of the teaching profession (Quick & Sieborger, 2015). According to Menter (2013) there has been a shift in the concept of teaching practice (associated with an apprenticeship model) to the concept of field/school experience (associated with an experiential model). However, no matter how it is being envisaged, the notion of teaching practice is entrenched in experience-based learning initiated. Consequently as suggested by Nigeria Norms & Standards for Educators (2014), teaching practice is meant to provide for the authentic context within which student-teachers are exposed to experience the complexities, challenges and richness of the reality of being a teacher. This process allows the student-teacher an opportunity to establish whether the right career choice has been made or not. However, despite its importance, Killen & Steyn (2011) note that teaching practice sometimes becomes demoralising and sometimes very frightening experience due to the challenges associated with it. It is on account of this that has necessitated the study into investigating teaching practice experiences of computer and integrated science student-teachers, challenges and possible panacea.
Statement of the Problems
Studies conducted on student-teacher’s experience and anxieties during teaching practice show that most of the student-teachers are faced with different challenges (Ngidi & Sibaya, 2013). Marais & Meier, (2014) mention anxieties during teaching practice as a challenge to student-teachers teaching experience. However a review of literature indicates that there are limited studies that have been conducted regarding ways in which students experience these challenges and the possible panacea associated to it during teaching practice and which might influence their perception and attitudes towards the teaching profession. Student-teachers also see teaching practice as a stopgap while they wait for better career opportunities in other fields due to the challenges they experience in teaching practice. Majority of student-teachers do not often have the intention of teaching after the course. During the period of teaching experience, some student-teachers maintain negative attitude towards teaching profession. Despite the enriching experiences during teaching practice, student-teachers experience challenges, which may have significantly affected their ability to derive maximum benefit from the exercise. An understanding of the student-teachers’ experiences will facilitate the teacher-training institutions’ awareness of the challenges faced by student teachers, which could militate against a positive teaching practice experience. Hence, this challenges which is a backdrop in teaching practice experience, has necessitated the study into investigating teaching practice experiences of computer and integrated science student-teachers, challenges and possible panacea a case study of Enugu state college of education students.
Purpose of the study
The main purpose of the study is to investigate teaching practice experiences of computer and integrated science student-teachers, challenges and possible panacea. Specifically, the study will determine,
Significance of the study
The study will benefit student-teachers, school administrator and future researchers.
Student-teachers will benefit from the study as the study will enlighten them on the possible challenges associated to teaching practice and the possible ways to address these challenges in order for the student teachers to be effective in his teaching field.
School administrators will benefit from the study as the student will help them see the value of providing the necessary instructional material for student teacher to be able to cope with some of the challenges associated to teaching practice. Hence, equipping them for teaching profession.
Future researcher will benefit from the study as the study will serve as a source of material and reference for related studies.
Scope of the Study
The scope of the study covers teaching practice experiences of computer and integrated science student-teachers, challenges and possible panacea. The study focus on Enugu state college of education student final year students.
In order to guide the study the following research questions are posed.